바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

ACOMS+ 및 학술지 리포지터리 설명회

  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독, 수면상태, 학업성취가 정신건강에 미치는 영향

Influence of Smartphone Addiction, Sleeping Condition, Scholastic Achievement on Mental Health in Nursing Students

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2020, v.6 no.2, pp.57-64
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2020.6.2.057
임영순 (경북전문대학교)
노기옥 (건양대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구는 간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독, 수면상태, 학업성취가 정신건강에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위해 시도되었다. 연구대상자는 간호대학에 재학 중인 2, 3학년 학생 185명으로, 자료수집기간은 2019년 5월 13일부터 2019년6월 3일까지이다. 수집된 자료는 IBM SPSS/WIN 24.0프로그램을 이용하여 기술통계, Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, 위계적 다중회귀분석으로 분석하였다. 간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독점수는 36.99점(60점 만점)이었으며, 스마트폰 중독이 심할수록 수면상태(r=.19, p=.009)와 정신건강(r=.34, p<.001)이 좋지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 간호대학생의 정신건강에 영향을 주는 변수로는 스마트폰 중독, 수면시간, 학년, 수면상태였으며, 스마트폰 중독(β=.27)이 가장 큰 영향력을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 영향요인에 의한 설명력은 20.4%였다. 따라서 간호대학생의정신건강을 위하여 스마트폰 중독을 낮출 수 있는 다양한 프로그램의 적용과 수면에 대한 관리가 이루어져야 한다.

keywords
Smartphone addiction, Sleep condition, Scholastic achievement, Mental health, Nursing students, 스마트폰 중독, 수면상태, 학업성취, 정신건강, 간호대학생

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the smartphone addition, which effects sleep, scholastic achievement and mental health in nursing students. The study subjects consisted of 185 nursing students in grade 2nd, 3rd who completed a informed consent. The date were collected from 13th of May to 3rd of June 2019. Data were analyzed descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression using by IBM SPSS/WIN 24.0. The score for Smart Phone addition was 36.99 out of 60. The more addicted a smartphone is, the more likely shows lower score of sleep (r=.19, p=.009), mental health (r=.34, p<.001) was found to be negative. The key variable for effecting nursing students' mental health was smartphone addiction, quality of sleep and time, level of grade. Among them, smartphone addiction (β=.27) was found to have the highest influence for all. Explanation that by influencing factors was 20.4%. Therefore, for the mental health of nursing students, various programs that can reduce smartphone addiction should be applied and sleep management should be done.

keywords
Smartphone addiction, Sleep condition, Scholastic achievement, Mental health, Nursing students, 스마트폰 중독, 수면상태, 학업성취, 정신건강, 간호대학생

참고문헌

1.

M.Kakihara, “Mobile Apps in APAC: 2016Report[Internet].” Available from:https://www.thinkwithgoogle.com/intl/en-apac/trends -and-insights/mobile-apps-in-apac-2016-report

2.

App Annie. “Newly released app usage report: the number of apps users install each month[Internet].”App Annie. Available from:https://www.appannie.com/kr/insights/market-data/new-app-usage-report-how-many-apps-do-users-insta ll-a-month/ 2017.06.27.

3.

M.Bearak, “Seoul wants ‘smartphone zombies’ to read road signs instead[Internet].” The Washington Post, 2016.07.21. Available from:https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/06/21/seoul-wants-smartphone-zombies-to-r ead-road-signs-instead/

4.

S.C.Kang, S.W.Lee, and J.I.Shim, “A Study on Patterns and Distraction of Smart Devices Usages While Walking.” Journal of Transport Research, Vol.23, No.2, pp.27-39, 2019.

5.

Ministry of science and ICT, “2019 Smartphone dependency survey.” pp.1-20, 2019.

6.

E.Y.Hong, “The Moderating Effect of Smartphone Addiction on the Relationship between Interpersonal Problem and Depression”, Journal Korean Public Health Nursing, Vol.29, No.1, pp.5-17, 2015.

7.

J.Y.Park, S.E.Park and M.J.Park, “The Effects of Smartphone Addiction on Nursing Students'Adaptation to College Life: Focusing on Mediation Effect of Social Support.” Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, Vol.19, No.1, pp.218-229, 2018.

8.

O.S.Lee and M.J.Kim, “The Relationship among Smartphone Addition, Emotional Intelligence, Critical thing disposition and communication skill for Nursing students.” Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol.15, No.7, pp.319-328. 2017.

9.

S.Y.Kim, M.J.Park, B.K.Park, “Relationship between SNS addiction proneness and interpersonal satisfaction among undergraduate students” Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol.19, No.4, pp.454-462, 2018.

10.

J.W.Mouland, F.Martial, A.Watson, R.J.Lucas and T.M.Brown, “Cones Support Alignment to an Inconsistent World by Suppressing Mouse Circadian Responses to the Blue Colors Associated with Twilight” Current Biology, Vol.29, pp.4260-4267, 2019.

11.

H.H.Han, “The Relationship among Smartphone Addiction, Lack of Sleep and Sleeping Hours of University Students” Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, Vol.9. No.10, pp.213-219, 2019.

12.

J.E.Lee, S.I.Jang, Y.J.Ju, W.Kim, H.J.Lee, and E.C.Park. “Relationship between Mobile Phone Addiction and the Incidence of Poor and Short Sleep among Korean Adolescents: a Longitudinal Study of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey” Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol.32. No.7, pp.1166-1172, 2017.

13.

S.Y.Han, “A study on the Relationships among Smart Phone Addiction, Learning-Flow, and Learning Achievement of Nursing Student” Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, Vol.15, No.12, pp.987-1003, 2015.

14.

B.J.SEO, “In the Impact of Academic Stress on Smartphone Addiction among Teenagers - Focusing on Dual Mediating Effects of Depression and Aggression-”Crisisonomy, Vol.14, No.6, pp.77-90, 2018.

15.

World Health Organization, Promoting Mental health:Concepts, Emerging evidence, Practice (Summary Report), Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004.

16.

O.H.Im, “Smartphone Addiction and its Relations with Mental health among Nursing Students” Master’s Thesis, Chonbuk National University at Chonbuk, Korea, 2014.

17.

National Information Society Agency. “Development of Korean Smart-phone Addiction Proneness Scale for Youth and Adults.” 2011.

18.

J.B.Mass, M.L.Wherry, D.J.Axelrod, B.R.Hogan and J.A.Blumin, “Power Sleep: The Revolutionary Program That Prepares Your Mind for Peak Performance.”Harper Collins Publishing Co.: New York, 1999.

19.

B.Y.Kim and K.H.Seo, “Mobile Phone and Internet Game Addiction, and Stress Responses of High School Students: The Mediating Effect of Sleep Deprivation”The Korean Journal of Health Psychology, Vol.17, No.2, pp.385-398, 2012.

20.

L.R.Derogatis, K.Rickels and A.F.Rock, “The SCL-90and the MMPI: A step in the validation of a new self-report scale.” The Britsh Journal of psychiatry, Vol.128, No.3, pp.280-289, 1976.

21.

J.H.Kim and G.I.Kim, “The Standardization Study of Symptom Checklist-90-revision in Korea Ⅲ” Mental health research, Vol.2, pp.278-311, 1984.

22.

H.J.Kim, “Visual Display Terminal Syndrome, Sleep Quality and Physical Activity according to Smartphone Addiction in Nursing Students” The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, Vol.20, No.2, pp.100-110, 2017.

23.

J.M.Nam, “초등땐 남학생, 중고등생땐 여학생이 더 '스마트폰중독'” 2019.05.15. http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2019/05/15/2019051500138.html

24.

J.E.Lee, I.Cho, E.Y.Kim, “The Relationship between Adult Insecure Attachments and Smartphone Addiction in University Students: The Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem” Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol.17. No.1, pp.229-237, 2019

한국사물인터넷학회논문지