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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

블록체인 기반 금융 플랫폼 특성과 사용 의도에 관한 연구

A Study on the Characteristics of Blockchain-Based Financial Platform and the Intention to Use

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2021, v.7 no.3, pp.81-90
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2021.7.3.081
이상호 (목포대학교)
조광문 (목포대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구에서는 블록체인 기반 금융 플랫폼의 이용자 특성과 기술적 특성이 금융 소비자의 사용 의도에 미치는영향을 분석하였다. 또한 이러한 영향 관계에서 상대적 이점과 인지된 위험이 사용 의도에 어떠한 인과 관계가 있는지를 분석하였다. 2021년 6월 1일부터 7월 30일까지 블록체인 기술이 접목된 금융 플랫폼을 사용한 경험이 있는 대상자를 표본으로 비대면 자기기입식 온라인 설문조사를 실시하였고, 187부로 연구를 진행하였다. 통계처리는 SPSS 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 빈도 분석, 탐색적 요인 분석, 신뢰도 분석, 상관관계 분석, 다중 회귀분석, 3단계 매개 회귀분석을실시하였다. 통계값의 유의 수준은 95% 미만으로 하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 이용자 특성에서 혁신성과유용성이 사용 의도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 기술적 특성에서 적합성과 신뢰성이 사용 의도에 영향을미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 이용자 특성과 사용 의도의 관계에서 상대적 이점과 인지된 위험은 부분매개 역할을하는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 기술적 특성과 사용 의도의 관계에서 상대적 이점과 인지된 위험은 부분매개 역할을 하는것으로 나타났다. 다섯째, 인증서 사용 경험에 따라 이용자 특성의 편재성, 기술적 특성의 적합성, 사용 의도에서 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구의 결과가 사물인터넷을 기반으로 한 금융 플랫폼 발전에 기여할 수 있을 것이다.

keywords
User Characteristics, Technical Characteristics, Financial Platform, Intention to Use, Blockchain, 이용자 특성, 기술적 특성, 금융플랫폼, 사용 의도, 블록체인

Abstract

In this study, the effect of user characteristics and technical characteristics of a blockchain-based financial platform on the intention to use of financial consumers was analyzed. Also, in this influence relationship, we analyzed what kind of causal relationship between relative advantage and perceived risk on intention to use. From June 1 to July 30, 2021, a non-face-to-face self-filling online survey was conducted with a sample of subjects who had experience using a financial platform grafted with blockchain technology, and the study was conducted in 187 copies. For statistical processing, frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and 3-step mediated regression analysis were performed using SPSS 21.0 program. The significance level of the statistical value was set to less than 95%. The research results are as follows. First, it was found that innovativeness and usefulness affect the intention to use in the user characteristics. Second, in the technical characteristics, compatibility and reliability were found to affect the intention to use. Third, it was found that relative advantage and perceived risk play a partial mediating role in the relationship between user characteristics and intention to use. Fourth, it was found that relative advantage and perceived risk play a partial mediating role in the relationship between technical characteristics and intention to use. Fifth, it was found that there were differences in the ubiquity of user characteristics, compatibility of technical characteristics and intention to use according to the experience of using the certificate. The results of this study can contribute to the development of a financial platform based on the Internet of Things.

keywords
User Characteristics, Technical Characteristics, Financial Platform, Intention to Use, Blockchain, 이용자 특성, 기술적 특성, 금융플랫폼, 사용 의도, 블록체인

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