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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

목조건축유산 화재와 방재에 관한 연구: 당진지역 목조 공소건축을 중심으로

A Study on Fire and Disaster prevention for Wooden Architecture Heritage: Focusing on the Wooden Catholic Secondary Station in Dangjin

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2021, v.7 no.4, pp.15-21
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2021.7.4.015
이상희 (목원대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구에서는 농촌지역에 목구조로 형성된 건축유산의 소방안전대책이 갖는 문제점 파악하고, 개선책을 제시 하고자 한다. 문제점 도출을 위하여 연구대상으로 당진지역에 현존하는 목구조로 형성된 천주교 공소의 건물 구조, 주변 환경 등 문화유산의 특수성을 파악하고, 천주교 공소에서 발생 가능한 화재와 안전 요소에 대하여 분석하였다. 그 결과 목구조 공소가 갖는 역사성과 장소성, 지역의 정체성을 갖는 중요한 문화유산 임에도, 화재 등 안전에 대한 취약성 및 소방 활동을 위한 화재 인지 및 초기 화재 대응에 어려움 등 방재시스템의 문제가 나타났다. 따라서 좀 더 강화된 방화 등에 방재 체제가 필요하며, 목구조 공소의 특성에 적합한 소방 시설을 설치하고 방화활동에 주체를 확보하여 건축유산 인 공소의 방재체계를 개선해야 할 필요성이 도출되었으며, 또한 공소는 대부분 농촌지역에 위치하고 있어 산불과 같은 자연재난에서 목구조 공소 방재 활동을 강화하고 화재 시 대응방안과 마련이 시급한 것으로 나타났다.

keywords
architectural heritage, wooden structure, mission station, fire, disaster prevention, 건축유산, 목구조, 공소, 화재, 방재

Abstract

This study aims to derive the problems of firefighting and safety measures for architectural heritage with a wooden structure in rural areas and present their improvement measures. To identify those problems, this study grasped the features of the cultural heritage through the building structure and environment of a wooden Catholic secondary station in Dangjin, and analyzed fires that may occur and safety factors. As a result, although the mission station is an important cultural property in terms of its history, place and local identity, it had problems with disaster prevention systems such as vulnerable safety including fire and difficulties in fire recognition and initial firefighting. Therefore, this study concluded through its review and analysis that a disaster prevention system such as stronger firefighting is needed; that fire fighting facilities suitable for the characteristics of the secondary station with a wooden structure should be installed and a main player should be arranged in fire prevention activities to improve the fire prevention system of the cultural property; and that as most mission stations are located in rural areas, it is necessary to more thoroughly protect wooden-structure secondary stations from natural disasters such as forest fire and to improve fire response measures.

keywords
architectural heritage, wooden structure, mission station, fire, disaster prevention, 건축유산, 목구조, 공소, 화재, 방재

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