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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

누리교육과정 기반 인공지능교육 콘텐츠 개발에 관한 기초연구

A Basic Study on the Development of Artificial Intelligence Education Content Based on Nuri Curriculum

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2022, v.8 no.5, pp.71-76
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2022.8.5.071
변영신 (백석대학교)
한정수 (백석대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

4차 산업의 혁신적인 발달과 코로나 팬데믹은 교육시장에 커다란 변화를 일으켜 급기야는 유치원을 비롯한초중고교에 인공지능(AI)교육을 실행하도록 하였다. 그러나 미처 준비되지 않은 상황에서의 유아 AI 교육은 결과 중심적, 특별활동 형태로 이루어지고 있어 유아 AI 교육이란 무엇이며, AI 교육내용 규명과 이를 어떻게 누리교육과정에접목하는가에 관한 연구의 필요성이 제기되었다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서는 문헌 연구를 통하여 유아 AI 교육을 정의하고 AI 교육내용을 규명하여 이를 누리교육과정에 편성하여 운영하도록 하였다. 분석 결과 유아 AI 교육은 컴퓨팅 사고력을 기반으로 디지털 역량을 함양하는 것을 목적으로 이루어져야 하며, 컴퓨터, 인터넷, 프로그램을 AI 교육의 하위요소로 추출하였다. 이를 누리교육과정에 접목시키기 위해 두 가지 접근 방법을 제시하였다. 첫째는 설정된 세 개의 AI 교육내용을 각각 생활주제로 설정하여 그에 따른 하위요인을 선정하고 각각의 하위요인에 적합한 활동을 계획하여 시행하는 것이다. 둘째는 기존 누리 교육과정의 생활주제에 적합하게 AI 교육내용을 하위 교육활동 차원으로 전개하여 운영하는 것이다. 본 연구가 유아교육의 특성을 고려하고 누리교육과정에 편성되어 진정한 의미의 유아 AI 교육이 실현되기를희망하며, 누리과정 5개 영역에 따른 AI 놀이 교육 프로그램에 대한 보다 많은 연구가 이루어지기를 희망하는 바이다.

keywords
Early childhood Artificial Intelligence(AI) education, Digital competency, Nuri curriculum, life theme, 유아 인공지능(AI)교육, 디지털 역량, 누리교육과정, 생활주제

Abstract

The innovative development of the 4th industry and the COVID-19 pandemic caused a great change in the education, eventually requiring elementary, middle and high schools, including kindergartens, to implement artificial intelligence(AI) education. However, since early childhood AI education is conducted in the form of results-oriented and special activities, the need for research on what early childhood AI education is and how to apply it to the Nuri curriculum has been raised. Accordingly, this study defined early childhood AI education through literature research, identified the contents of AI education, and organized and operated it in the Nuri curriculum. As a results, AI education for children should be conducted for the purpose of cultivating digital capabilities based on computing thinking skills, and computers, the Internet, and programs were extracted as sub-elements of child AI education contents. Two approaches were proposed to incorporate this into the Nuri curriculum. The first is to set each of the three AI education contents as a life theme, select sub-factors accordingly, and plan and implement activities suitable for each sub-factors. The second is to develop and operate AI education contents at the level of sub-educational activities in accordance with the life theme of the existing Nuri curriculum. It is hoped that this study will consider the characteristics of early childhood education and be organized in the Nuri curriculum to realize the true meaning of early childhood AI education, and more research on AI play education programs according to the five areas of the Nuri curriculum.

keywords
Early childhood Artificial Intelligence(AI) education, Digital competency, Nuri curriculum, life theme, 유아 인공지능(AI)교육, 디지털 역량, 누리교육과정, 생활주제

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