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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

COVID-19 팬데믹 상황에서 응급실 간호사의 소진에 영향을 미치는 융합적 요인

Convergence factors Affecting Burnout of Emergency Room Nurses During the COVID-19 Pandemic

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2022, v.8 no.6, pp.99-113
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2022.8.6.099
노승애 (한림대학교 성심병원)
양승애 (성신여자대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구는 응급실 간호사를 대상으로 COVID-19 대유행 상황에서 COVID-19 스트레스, 대인관계(보호자-환자) 스트레스, 감정노동이 소진에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사 연구이다. 자료수집은 H 의료원 산하기관5개 상급종합병원과 종합병원 응급실 간호사를 대상으로 2021년 12월 9일부터 12월 23일까지 시행되었다. 대상자의일반적 특성과 직무 관련 특성, COVID-19 스트레스, 대인관계(보호자-환자) 스트레스, 감정노동, 소진을 측정하기 위해 자기기입식 설문지로 진행하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS/WIN 25.0 통계 프로그램을 이용하여 빈도 분석, 기술통계분석, Independent sample t-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Correlation analysis, 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 응급실 간호사의 COVID-19 스트레스의 평균은 3.64점, 대인관계(보호자-환자) 스트레스 4.35점, 감정노동3.38점, 소진 3.44점이었다. 일반적 특성 및 직무 관련 특성에 따른 간호사의 소진은 성별, 결혼상태, 총 임상 경력, 근무 기관 형태에 따라 유의한 차이를 보였다. 소진은 COVID-19 스트레스, 대인관계 스트레스, 감정노동과 모두 유의한 정적 상관관계를 보였다. COVID-19 팬데믹 상황에서 응급실 간호사의 소진에 영향을 미치는 융합적 요인으로는근무 기관 형태 중 권역 응급의료센터, 지역응급의료센터, 대인관계 스트레스, COVID-19 스트레스, 성별로 나타났고설명력은 28.6%로 나타났다. 이와 같은 결과를 통해 신종감염병 대유행 시점에서 응급실 간호사의 소진을 예방하고간호업무성과를 높이기 위한 중재프로그램 개발을 위한 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다.

keywords
COVID-19 stress, Interpersonal(caregiver-patient) stress, Emotional labor, burnout, Nurse, COVID-19 스트레스, 대인관계 스트레스, 감정노동, 소진, 간호사

Abstract

This study is descriptive research to investigate the effects of COVID-19 stress, interpersonal (caregiver-patient) stress, and emotional labor on burnout in emergency room (ER) nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data collection of this study was conducted from December 9 to 23, 2021 with ER nurses working at five tertiary general hospitals and general hospitals of Medical Center H. The data was collected with a questionnaire using tools measuring the subjects’ general & job-related characteristics, COVID-19 stress, interpersonal(caregiver-patient) stress, emotional labor and burnout. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 25.0 statistical program for frequency analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The average score of COVID-19 stress in ER nurses was 3.64, interpersonal(caregiver-patient) stress 4.35, emotional labor 3.38, and burnout 3.44. As a result of analyzing differences according to general & job-related characteristics, burnout showed a significant difference according to gender, marital status, total clinical experience, and working organization. And burnout showed a significant positive correlation with COVID-19 stress, interpersonal stress and emotional labor. As a result of multiple linear regression analysis, regional emergency medical centers and local emergency medical centers among the work organization types, interpersonal stress, COVID-19 stress, and gender and the explanatory power was 28.6%. Through these results, we intend to provide basic data for the development of an intervention program to prevent burnout of emergency room nurses and improve nursing performance at the time of a new infectious disease pandemic.

keywords
COVID-19 stress, Interpersonal(caregiver-patient) stress, Emotional labor, burnout, Nurse, COVID-19 스트레스, 대인관계 스트레스, 감정노동, 소진, 간호사

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