Computerization of Korean historical data began with electronic publications and has developed toward publication of CD-ROMs and internet services through websites. Much of the data were computerized in 2000, and a rapid increase in internet users has made it possible to provide enormous amounts of history data through various websites. Nowadays, so much data have been computerized that information on computerized data may become necessary for effective use of such data. In compliance with this necessity, this article will introduce the present situation of computerization of Korean historical data and provide information helpful to users. Various data such as chronology, literary works, codes of law, census registration, old documents, and maps were computerized. Reports on excavation in archaeology and field works are served through the web. For researchers to choose and develop a research topic, it is necessary to gather information on existing results and approach them. I will introduce several sites containing lists of such information and also some of the typical computerized data of Korean history from the viewpoint of convenience and historical value. There are many websites registered on the internet. Among them, those related to history are being operated by institutions for Korean studies, related departments of universities, academic societies, personal home pages, and amateur angler clubs, etc. These websites contain a variety of information lists such as original texts, publication lists, contents of the activities of academic societies, introductions to lectures, data concerning relics and ruins, and personal interests.
This article is purported for reviewing the present historical material databases funded by the Korean government and suggesting solutions for improving database services and providing researchers of Korean studies with more useful and convenient digital resources. In Korea, Historical Information Systems were funded by the Ministry of Information and Communication, and were carried out by twelve public institutions. These databases currently contain 6.53 million digital materials, which are all provided for free to information users all around the world as well as those in Korea. The database construction project for Korean historical materials covers overall Korean history to allow much easier and more convenient access to research materials than in the past. However, the current historical information system has many problems to be improved. Among them, the most urgent matter to be addressed is the enhancement of interoperability between databases. The practical method to increase interoperability is to have institutions make metadata that explicitly describe the content and format of their databases and share them with other institutions. A technological standard for a Metadata Registry was suggested to enhance interoperability between independent systems. Since the Metadata Registry is purported for information resources that belong to a certain knowledge field, it must be made and run by those with deep knowledge and expertise in the regarded field. In order to have the Historical Information Systems play the leading role in promoting the free communication of high quality information on traditional Korean culture in cyber space, facilitating mutual understanding of history and information technology is very important.
This article aims at making a general survey of the results of informatization of the Korean language data and of the important results and characteristics of research using the corpora of the Korean language from the mid-1980s to the present according to several major points. Meanwhile, through a variety of studies and projects concerning the computerization of Korean language, Korean language data useful to various research and development of language processing techniques have increased more diversely in quantity and type than ever before. We can positively ascertain that practical and useful methods of research based on corpora and analyses of usage are becoming one of the major methods in studying the Korean language.
The significance of the compiling project of the database of Korean literary materials lies in supplying well-organized research materials and theory and principle of scientific literary study for related researchers, in enhancing the research capabilities of Korean literature, and in developing the Korean language. First of all, I will generally introduce how the database of Korean literary materials has been compiled and how the related study has been carried out. And then I will introduce in detail the compiling process and the principle underlying the database of modern Korean poetry, the project of modern poetry corpus that I am trying to construct, and also show the present contents of compilation and a plan for their future use. The database on modern poetry is as follows and only a part of it is served on the Internet: 1) The modern poetry corpus (10,300 poems) containing text information of modern poetry together with the metadata; 2) the dictionary of usage of modern poetic diction (610,000 items) showing the usage and information of the sources of modern poetic diction; 3) the explanatory dictionary of modern poetic diction (44,000 items) containing the whole word list of the dictionary of usage and explanations on important words; 4) the whole list of modern poetry anthologies (2,430 books) published in 1908-1970; 5) and the index of articles on modern poetry (17,500 articles) contained in the collections of poems published in 1923-1950. I hope that scientific study on modern poetry based on such a database will flourish. At present, the quantitative way of study on modern poetry is being made on a basic level, and one of the ultimate purposes will be to find the stylistic fingerprint of each individual poet. This database will be supplied to related researchers on condition that joint research be carried out.
The Japanese colonial government used its police power to prevent the spread of cholera. However, although police activities were effective in locating suspected patients and isolating them from others, the Korean population resisted these efforts because they were regarded as coercive. Moreover, the measures clashed with Korea’s medical traditions as well as Korean nationalist sentiment. One of the worst aspects of the anti-cholera measures in the early 1920s was the poor state of conditions at Sunhwawon, a government isolation hospital. By attempting to build a substitute medical institute, the Korean population challenged the monopoly of Japanese rule in terms of health. They insisted that their proposed hospital use Oriental medicine in the treatment of Korean patients, and in this sense, the idea may be seen as a protest against Japanese rule. Although it was not realized, if Koreans, affected by the March 1st movement, had established a hospital using Oriental medicine for themselves, this institution could have played an active role for the future independence of Korea.
The purpose of this study is to understand the characteristics of existing Korean family welfare in relation to the structure and features of traditional family as well as to search the orientation of family welfare based on an analysis of the structures and characteristics of rapidly changing family in contemporary period. Most recently, it is distinctly observed that the Korean family is transitioning from one of patrilineal to that of bilateral family structure. In accordance with this change, Korean family welfare needs to change from a type that requires the families to take care of their own elderly, children, disabled, or sick members by themselves while the government selectively supports the families that have problems in supportive abilities to a type that in which all families become the subject of welfare while the premise of normal families supporting their own members is abolished.