Background: This study aims to explore the rise of the maker movement and the Maker Class in the context of an era of great transformation. By examining the maker movement that has emerged from the West to the East over the past two decades, the study seeks to uncover the motivations behind the rise of the Maker Class. Objective: To uncover and explain the reasons, driving forces, and influencing factors behind the rise of the maker movement and the Maker Class in China, and to provide valuable insights for research, decision-making, and practical applications in related fields. Methods: The research employs a literature review methodology , combining an analysis of the development trends of the maker movement with the backdrop of social transformation. Results: The maker movement has benefited from the rapid development and widespread adoption of information technology, the rise of open innovation and the sharing economy, and the changes in social structure and values. These factors collectively drive the rise of the Maker Class in China, making it a significant force in the era of transformation. Conclusions: In the information age, the Maker Class embodies creativity, innovation, and autonomy, aligning with the aspirations of contemporary society. As a result, it has gained widespread recognition and support. The rise of the Maker Class has a profound impact on social structure, promoting a surge in innovation, entrepreneurship, and creativity, and furthering the development and transformation of society.
Background: The employment rate of university students in Tianjin has decreased due to the epidemic and economic downturn. Many graduates have experienced negative emotional problems such as employment anxiety. Objectives: To explore the main factors affecting employment anxiety among college students in the current social development, analyze the relationship between the internship and the anxiety related to employment, and find feasible measures to eliminate employment anxiety. Methods: The test subjects for this research were 179 fresh graduates from universities in Tianjin. They were evaluated against the Employment Anxiety Scale before and after the three-month internship. Relevant influencing factors were collected for statistical analysis. Content: Through investigations to explore the source of employment pressure and relieve stress, analyze the relationship between internship behavior and employment anxiety, and suggest relevant suggestions for optimizing internship behavior. Conclusions: Internships can make most fresh graduates from Tianjin universities acquire certain knowledge about employment, accumulate employment experience, and reduce employment anxiety.
Background: Laohekou New Year Pictures, dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, is an important art in southern China. Due to development and inheritance crises in the 21st century, more social co-creation and social resources are needed to participate in the protection and inheritance of Laohekou New Year Pictures to promote their further sustainable development. Purpose: Protecting Laohekou New Year Pictures is full of prosocial behaviors, which is significant for developing these Pictures. This study analyzes the protection of Laohekou New Year Pictures based on the theory of prosocial behavior in social psychology. Methods: The protection behavior of Laohekou New Year Pictures was analyzed based on the theory of prosocial behavior, voluntarism, prosociality, and altruism. The four factors affecting the protection behavior were discussed, and relevant protection strategies were provided for future development. Results: This paper analyzes the characteristics and influencing factors of prosocial behavior of Laohekou New Year Pictures. It presents four strategies: "reducing the ambiguity of public responsibility participation", "giving full play to the driving force of opinion leaders", "strengthening the mechanism and system construction of rewards and punishments", and "skills popularization of New Year Picture heritage education". Conclusion: This paper combines the prosocial theory of social psychology with the intangible cultural heritage protection theory to conduct an interdisciplinary study. This study focuses on the four aspects of protection nature, protection subject, protection result and protection behavior embodied by the prosociality of Laohekou New Year Pictures. This makes the protection behavior of Laohekou New Year Pictures reflect the characteristics and influencing factors of prosocial behavior, and the related protection research permeates intangible prosocial behavior, which provides strategic guidance for the protection of intangible cultural heritage, provides future social support of altruism and public welfare for heritage inheritance, and further promotes the long-term development of Laohekou New Year Pictures.
Background: "Leave blank" is a unique expression technique in Chinese painting. It has the unique charm of Chinese national culture. This article analyzes the artistic "Blank Space" expression in freehand brushwork flower and bird paintings from an aesthetic perspective. In aesthetics field, artistic beauty is an essential category. It can also be seen as a study of the aesthetic relationship between humans and the objective world. The "Blank Space" in Chinese freehand flower and bird paintings is important in ancient Chinese art. Purpose: The word "Blank Space" is easily understood and is a commonly used expression technique in Chinese art. It has strong Chinese aesthetic characteristics. This article analyzes the connotation and significance of "Blank Space". It studies freehand brushwork, composition, expression, and formal beauty of “Blank Space”. It elaborates the aesthetic expression of “Blank Space” in freehand flower and bird paintings. Furthermore, it has created various artistic beauty that make people feel graceful, melodious, and melancholic, with endless aftertaste. Methods: Based on the literature, analyze the art of leaving white space in the painting from an aesthetic perspective. Understand and master the importance of leaving white space in freehand flower and bird paintings comprehensively and correctly. Results: The application of "Blank Space" in the painting reflects the aesthetic taste of Chinese painting. It is the unique charm of traditional Chinese art. The "Blank Space" artistic techniques enriches and develops the artistic style of Chinese freehand flower and bird painting. Conclusion: The artistic conception, implicit beauty, spatial sense, and rhythmic rhythm of the screen perfectly express the "blank" art of Chinese freehand brushwork of flowers and birds. Blank space art uses "Blank Space" as a carrier to render beautiful artistic conceptions with strong Chinese aesthetic characteristics. Most works combine virtual and real, bringing readers a higher aesthetic enjoyment. It expands the hierarchical layout of the space, leaving room for imagination.
Background: Transportation convenience has enabled the various ethnic groups in the "global village" to achieve large-scale cultural integration and development. In the 21st century, music education is facing increasingly new forms and development requirements. Objective: Starting from a multi-cultural background, this article analyzes the problems of single teaching content, insufficient aesthetic cultivation, and lack of teacher knowledge in music teaching practice in primary and secondary schools in China. It proposes plans to improve teachers' music literacy and the system. They are intended to improve the application of multi culturalism in primary and secondary school classrooms. Methods: This paper uses field research, comparative research, and literature review to analyze the implementation of classroom music in primary and secondary schools. It summarizes the significance and methods of multi-cultural music education in the classroom. Results: Compared with developed countries, the development of music education in China is relatively late with shortcomings in applying diversified music in the classroom. China has emphasized the importance of multi culturalism. More educators are researching diversified music and presenting their suggestions. However, better implementation is still needed. Conclusion: There are still many shortcomings in China's current multi-cultural music education. Better integrating multi culturalism into the music education curriculum is an important issue that China needs to consider.
Background: This study explores the application methods of combining Minnan lion culture with lacquer art from a lacquer art creation research perspective under the "14th Five Year Plan" cultural industry development plan. By examining the lion dance and lacquer art cultures with Minnan characteristics, this study explores how to solve the neglect of traditional culture. It promotes Minnan lion and lacquer art cultures to create a unique brand in Minnan. Objective: To use modern methods to improve people's aesthetics, enhance local cultural soft power, improve economic development, attract more people to enter the Minnan region, promote Minnan Lion Culture and lacquer art industry, improve the level of innovation in Minnan Lion Culture, and to ring positive impacts to the inheritance and promotion of lion culture and lacquer art in Minnan. Methods: Using literature review and practical methods combined with modern lacquer art creation theory for analysis. Summarize the lacquer art creation under the cultural elements of Minnan Dragon and Lion regarding their expression, humanistic value, and connotation, the artistic characteristics and market status of lacquer art, and the feasibility and necessity of combining the two. Results: Summarized the cultural origin and basic knowledge of Minnan lion culture and lacquer painting and explored the path of integrating Minnan lion culture and lacquer art. Conclusion: Analyzed the research on Minnan lion culture and lacquer art creation and integrated Minnan lion culture and lacquer art creation to complete the "Min Lion" lacquer painting creation.
Background: The digital transformation has enabled the metaverse concept.Metaverse music performances are presented to the public in a new art form by the continuous efforts major enterprises. Purpose: Investigating the purchase intention of metaverse music performances can promote this model. Methods: This paper analyzes the purchase intention of metaverse music performances based on the theory of perceived value. SPSS 24 was used for analysis. Results: Teenagers are willing to consume these performances. Secondly, the functional, emotional, social, price, and environmental values all impact the consumption willingness of performances. Among these, functional, emotional, environmental, and social values positively impact consumption intention. Environmental value is the main reason for consumers' willingness to consume. The Metaverse music performances price value hurts consumer intentions. Conclusion: The enterprises using metaverse for music performances should consider music preformances price value control, The willingness to pay according to the conditional value assessment model and direct inquiry are 166.61 and 161.31 yuan respectively.
Background: Asthetics have improved with cultural diversification over time. People now have a deeper understanding of art. A single mediocre artistic expression no longer meets people's pursuit of art. Various artistic fusions of the collision of sparks are now required to meet people's emotional expression. Objective: To produce innovative design concepts, design methods, and styles by integrating different art disciplines. This paper takes architecture and clothing as the main research contents. It analyzes the external and internal correlation between architecture and clothing from the characteristics and architecture’s development as the starting point. It analyzes the intersection between architecture’s design language and apparel. It summarizes the design methods based on the apparel design perspective. Methods: Adopting the literature research, case study, and literature picture analysis methods, we summarize the relationship between architecture and clothing. This research conducted an in-depth and accurate interpretation of the design application method. It combined theories and brand show analysis inspired by architecture. Results: Based on the diversity of architectural style characteristics in the context of different periods of time for clothing design to open up more ideas, coupled with the development and support of modern technology fabrics, the development of the clothing industry has a certain role in promoting. Conclusion: The mingling and reproduction of various artistic expressions are due to designers' multi-dimensional exploration in cross-cutting fields. Therefore, the development trend of design art is the cross-border integration of multiple fields. Integrating architecture and clothing provides a new design space and orientation for the innovation and development of clothing design and opens up artistic design thinking.
Background: The "green, harmonious, and sustainable" concept is popular today. The building demand in China is also increasing. The wood is an environmentally friendly building material. The Chinese government has recently started promoting the use of wood frames in the building industry. Purpose: The development of the timber frame construction industry is slow. Due to the late start of wood frame construction, the related industries lack technology and regulations. This study proposes systematic measures for the wood frame construction industry in China. Methods: This research reviews the current developments in the Chinese wood frame construction industry, using questionnaires and data to define its internal and external environment. It uses the SWOT analysis method for analysis. It summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese wood framing industry's sustainable development at present opportunities and challenges. Results: The article systematically suggests government support and talent cultivation, increasing publicity and science education, improving regulations, and improving standards and supervision systems. Conclusion: The market for wood-frame construction in China is very broad. The development of wood-frame construction will enhance the development of related technologies and policies. It is an important step in the sustainable development of the Chinese construction industry.
Background: COVID-19 impacted international and domestic tourism in South Korea. The China Tourism Academy analyzed Chinese tourists' post-COVID-19 behavior from July 14th to July 26th, 2021. The survey results showed a shift from offline to online tourism. Purpose: In 2022, the number of people entering and exiting South Korea increased by 326% to 19,414,228 with an increase in the recovery momentum. South Korea is one of the first countries to construct smart cities, guided by the "ubiquitous everywhere" concept. Open policies and smart tourism attract foreign tourists. After the epidemic, the tourism industry’s development accelerated, and local governments introduced various policies. For Chinese tourists, this study analyzed the travel trends, considerations, and Korean tourism policies in the post-epidemic era. It took Incheon as a case of a smart tourism city. It analyzed the measures the Korean tourism industry took to attract Chinese tourists through interviews and surveys. Methods: Qualitative methods and literature demonstrate the tourism industry’s post-pandemic impact on the South Korean economy. This highlights the importance and value of this study. The case study method focuses on Incheon Metropolitan City, analyzing the rise of smart tourism and new media technologies in South Korea. Finally, research interviews were conducted with professionals in related industries to understand their views and attitudes toward the transformation of the smart tourism industry in South Korea. Results: Post-pandemic measures for Chinese tourists entering South Korea have diversified, encompassing online and offline platforms with corresponding tourism policies. The transformation process towards smart tourism has accelerated. Contribution: This study analyzes the simplification measures for Chinese tourists entering South Korea from individual, government, and platform perspectives. It aims to attract more Chinese tourists and stimulate smart tourism development in South Korea.
Background: There is a long history of the safeguarding of cultural heritage in East Asian countries. Since the 20th century, a growing number of countries have begun to highlight the safeguarding and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage, among which China and the Republic of Korea (ROK), the two East Asian countries, have also actively participated in it. Objective: This paper compares and discusses measures taken by China and the ROK in the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage by analyzing relevant content of the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding and inheritance system between the two countries in its attempt to put forward reasonable suggestions for the safeguarding and inheritance of China’s intangible culture heritages in the future while drawing lessons from relatively complete safeguarding and inheritance measures of the ROK and taking the national conditions of China into consideration. Methods: This paper sums up relevant measures taken by China and ROK in the protection of intangible cultural heritage through literature review and draws further a conclusion from comparative analysis. Results: The ROK, also as an Asian country, has established a systematic management scheme for the safeguarding and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage earlier than its neighbor China in the region. Despite a late start, China has also established a relatively complete scheme of systematic safeguarding and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage in a short period of time. The sound practices of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in the ROK can shed some light on China. Conclusions: China can draw on related measures of the ROK for the safeguarding and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage in the future. Constructive suggestions can be proposed from the aspects of strengthening school education communication, enhancing financial support, promoting on-stage presentation, improving the standardization of festivals or celebrations, and adding more museums for inheritance and education.