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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

융합의 시대에(사물인터넷시대에) 한국 노인의 장기요양 서비스 이용 상태 전환과 결정요인 분석

Analysis on the Transition and Determinants of Long-Term Care Service for the Elderly in the Internet of Things era

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2020, v.6 no.4, pp.39-48
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2020.6.4.039
최장원 (동명대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구는 한국 노인장기요양 서비스 이용 상태의 결정요인과 상태 의존성을 파악하고자 하였다. 이를 위해한국복지패널 자료를 이용하여 시간이 지남에 따른 서비스 이용 상태간 전환 패턴을 랜덤효과 다항로짓 모형을 이용하여 분석하였다. 그 결과 노인장기요양 서비스 이용 상태에 있어 강한 상태 의존성을 확인하였다. 특히 초기 상태에서노인장기요양보험 이용자는 상태가 지속되는 경향이 강한 것으로 나타났다. 개인의 인구통계학적 특성 중 연령이 높을수록 노인장기요양보험 이용 상태일 확률이 높아지는 반면 혼인상태에 있는 경우 유의하게 낮았다. 거주지역 경우 도농복합군 거주자는 준거지역에 비해 노인장기요양보험 이용 상태일 확률이 유의하게 높아지는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과 노인장기요양 서비스 이용자가 강한 상태 의존성을 가진다는 사실은 향후 수요예측에 있어 기존 이용자의 이용기간 증가도 충분히 고려하는 것이 중요함을 시사한다.

keywords
장기요양보험, 노인복지, 요양 서비스 이용 상태, 상태 의존성, 패널다항 로짓, Long Term Care Insurance, Elderly Welfare, Care Service Utilization Status, State Dependence, Panel Multinomial Logit

Abstract

This study intends to the estimate the determinants and state dependence of long-term care services in Korea. For this purpose, we analyzed the transition patterns among three states of long-term care service utilization over time by using the Korea Welfare Panel Study data with the random effect multinomial logit model. It is found that the result showed a strong state dependence in long-term care service utilization. Especially, long-term care insurance for the elderly showed a strong state dependence among others. Among the individual demographic characteristics, the higher the age, the higher the probability of using long-term care insurance for the elderly, while the lower the probability when married. The characteristics of the residential region showed that the residents of the urban-rural integrated region had a significantly higher probability of using long-term care insurance than the reference region. The results of this study suggest that the long-term care service users have a strong state dependence, which means that it is important to take into account the increase in the utilization period of existing users in future demand forecasting.

keywords
장기요양보험, 노인복지, 요양 서비스 이용 상태, 상태 의존성, 패널다항 로짓, Long Term Care Insurance, Elderly Welfare, Care Service Utilization Status, State Dependence, Panel Multinomial Logit

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한국사물인터넷학회논문지