바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

ACOMS+ 및 학술지 리포지터리 설명회

  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

최고경영자의 특성이 디지털 전환과 기업성과에 미치는 영향: ㈜RSN중심으로

Effect of CEOs’ Characteristics on Digital Transformation and Corporate Performance: Focusing on RSN Co., Ltd

한국사물인터넷학회논문지 / Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society, (P)2466-0078;
2022, v.8 no.3, pp.11-20
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20465/kiots.2022.8.3.011
박수황 (한국산업정보연구소)
장경배 (고려사이버대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

기업은 장기적인 전략을 수립하고 수행에 이르기까지 모든 경영활동을 책임지고 의사결정을 할 수 있는 최고경 영자(CEO: Chief Executive Officer)는 기업성과에 영향을 미치는 사람이라고 할 수 있다. 최고경영자가 합리적인 의사결정을 통해 전략적 선택을 통해 기업성과에 영향을 미칠 수 있고, 기업의 흥망을 결정할 수 있다. 그러므로 최고경 영자의 의사결정이 매우 중요하다. 또한, 급격한 디지털 기술 환경의 변화로 기업들은 디지털 전환을 통해 기업성과를 높이고자 학문적, 실무적으로 많은 노력 하고 있다. 그러나 기존 선행연구를 살펴보면 최고경영자의 특성이 조직·혁신성 과, 혁신 활동 등에 관한 연구로 한정되었고, 최고경영자의 특성이 디지털 전환과 기업성과에 연결되는 연구는 너무나 부족하다. 따라서 디지털 시대를 맞이하여 최고경영자의 특성이 디지털 전환을 통해 기업성과에 영향을 미치는지에 대 해 연구해 볼 필요성이 대두되고 있다. 본 연구는 디지털 전환에 성공한 국내 빅데이터 업체인 ㈜RSN사례를 통해 최고 경영자의 특성, 디지털 전환, 기업성과에 대해서 이해하고 이를 바탕으로 연구모형과 연구 명제를 설정하여 ㈜RNS의 사례분석을 통해 최고경영자의 특성이 디지털 전환과 기업성과에 어떻게 영향을 미치는지에 대해서 연구하였다. 연구 결과 최고경영자의 특성이 필수요소인 디지털 기술을 활용함으로써 기업이 디지털 전환을 성공하게 되었고 기업성과에 도 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 본 연구의 시사점으로는 최고경영자는 합리적인 의사결정을 할 때 한계가 있을 수 있으므로 향후 실증적 연구를 시도해볼 필요성 있다고 판단된다.

keywords
최고경영자의 특성, 디지털 전환, 기업성과, 빅데이터, CEO’s Characteristics, Digital Transformation, Corporate Performance, Big data

Abstract

Corporations operate within long term strategy. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) makes decisions and has responsibility for all executive activities which affects the corporate performance. If the CEO makes strategic choices through reasonable decision making, it could affect corporate performance and corporate’s rise and fall. So the CEO's decision making is very important. As rapid change in the digital technology environment happened, through digital transition, corporations have been working on increasing corporate performance by practical and academic methods. However prior research was restricted to CEO’s affect on organization, innovation or innovative activities and there is a lack of research linking CEO’s characteristics to digital transition and corporate performance. As the digital age is coming, research on how CEO’s characteristics affect digital transition and corporate performance is direly needed. From the case of domestic Big Data corporation RSN Co. ltd’s digital transition success, understanding characteristics of CEO, digital transition and corporate performance through prior researches, and developing research model and research proposition was set. Research was performed on RSN co. ltd’s case analysis, and how characteristics of CEO’s matter on digital transformation and corporate performance. As a result of the proposition, when the CEO conjugates digital technology, the corporation was able to successfully complete digital transition and it also affects corporate performance. Also, this research’s other point is that CEO’s may have limits on thoughtful decision making. It is judged that it is necessary to try an empirical study in the future.

keywords
최고경영자의 특성, 디지털 전환, 기업성과, 빅데이터, CEO’s Characteristics, Digital Transformation, Corporate Performance, Big data

참고문헌

1.

Younghoon Park, Real-time harmful information at a glance by clicking, Herald Economics, 2004.11.11.

2.

Jurin Kim, Gyeonggi-do RSN and Global Social Big Data Analysis System Development, Gyeonggi Internet News, 2015.09.10.

3.

Finkelstein, S. and Hambrick D. C. "Top-management-Meam tenure and organizational outcomes: The moderating role of managerial discretion," Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.35, No.3, pp.484-503, 1990.

4.

Hyejin Cho and Gahye Hong. "Top Management Team’s Language and Firm Performance - Text Analysis on U.S. 10-K Annual Report -."Korean Jouranl of Business Administration Vol.32, No3. pp.471-493, 2019.

5.

Han, E and K. Lee and D. H. and Khang, H. "Influential factors of the social responsibility of newspaper corporations in South Korea," Journal of Business Ethics, Vol.82, No3, pp667-680, 2007.

6.

Keun-Ho Lee "Designing a Digital Competency-enhancing Education Model for the Digitally Underprivileged -Focused on the Case of Chungcheongnam-do,"Journal of Internet of Things and Convergence, Vol.8, No1, pp73-78, 2022.

7.

Agile Elephant. "What is Digital Transformation"February, 15, 2015.

8.

Ki Woong Kim and Jaesung James Park, Joon Yeop Kim. "A Study on the Promotion of Digital Transformation for Micro Enterprises: Focusing on the Factors Influencing Digital Transformation." Korea Business Review Vol.24, pp 131-150, 2020.

9.

Lucas, H. C. and Agarwal, R. and Clemons, E. K., El Sawy, O. A., and Weber, B "Impactful research on transformational information technology: an opportunity to inform new audiences," MIS Quarterly, Vol.37, No2, pp371–382, 2013.

10.

S. Y. Jung and S. J. Koh, "A Study on the Path-Creative Characteristics of AI Policy," Journal of Information Technology Services, Vol.20, No.1, pp.93–115, 2021.

11.

Kyung-Soo Park. "A Study on the Information Technology Adoption in Korean Small Firms" Journal of Small Business Innovation, Vol.23, No.4, pp.79–105, 2001.

12.

Lee, Oun Ju and Heo, Chul Moo. "The Effects of CEO Characteristics and Support Policies of Young Entrepreneurship Rural Companies on Corporate Performance" Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship Vol.15, No.2, pp.137–151, 2020.

13.

Jungwon Lee and Cheol Park. "Do CSR Activities Improve Financial Performance? Focused on Job Satisfaction and Firm Size" korean management review Vol.49, No.4, pp.913–937, 2020.

14.

Yam, R. C. M. and Guan, J. C., Pun, K. F., and Tang, E. P. Y. "An audit of Technological innovation capabilities in Chinese firma; some empirical findings in Beijing, China." Research Policy. Vol.33, pp.1123-1140, 2004.

15.

Freel, M. S. "Do small innovating firms outperform non-innovations?". Small Business Economics. Vol.14, No.3, pp.195–210, 2000.

16.

Bong sang Ko and Yong Se Jung and Lee Sang-Cheon. "An Empirical Study on the Determinants of New Venture Performance." Journal of Entrepreneurship and Venture Studies, Vol.6, No.3, pp. 3-34, 2003.

17.

Nambisan, S. “Digital entrepreneurship: Toward a digital technology perspective of entrepreneurship,”Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1029-1055, 2017.

18.

Hei-Jeong Seok and Jin Sup Jung, "Changes in Mind and Strategy of Professional Managers in the New Fourth Industrial Revolution : A Case Study of General Electric Company," Journal of CEO and Management Studies, Vol.21, No.1, pp.1-17, 2018.

19.

Kyoungmi Park and Jaewon Hwang. "Competitive strategies, CEO characteristics, and firm performance in venture businesses," Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol.20, No.1, pp.52-63, 2019.

20.

Ramadani, V and Hisrich, R. D., and Gërguri-Rashiti, S. Female entrepreneurs in transition economies:insights from Albania, Macedonia and Kosovo, World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol.11, No.4, pp.391-413, 2015.

21.

Lumpkin, G. T., and Dess, G. G. "Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance," Academy of management Review, Vol.21, No.1, pp.135-172, 1996.

22.

Dess and Lumpkin, "The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Stimulating Effective Corporate Entrepreneurship". Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol.19, No.1, pp.147-156, 2005.

23.

Stevenson, H. H., and Jallio, Carlos, J. "A Paradigm of Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Management, Strategic". Management Journal, Vol.11, pp.17-27, 1990

24.

Aaron Young. "A Review of Digital Transformation in Mining". Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Vol.36, No.4, pp.683-699, 2019.

25.

Min sik Kim , Ny Young Sonny. "Understanding the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Digital Transformation". ICT & Media Policy, Vol. 29, pp.26-32, 2017.

26.

Yong jin Kim. "Changes in the Digital Transformation Era and Corporate Responses" Industrial Engineering Magazine Vol.25, No.1, pp.20-24, 2018.

27.

Lee, Wan Hyung. "A Conceptual Study on the Tool of Business Result Indicator Using BSC in perspective of A Biblical Management Implication" Logos Management Review, Vol.15, No.4, pp.119-140, 2017.

28.

Hambrick, D. C., and P. A. Mason. "Upper echelons:The organization as a reflection of its top managers". The Academy of Management Review, Vol.9, No.2, pp.193-206, 1984.

29.

Hayward, M. L., V. P. Rindova, and T. G. Pollock. "Believing one’s own press:The causes and consequences of CEO celebrity". Strategic Management Journal, Vol.25, No.7, pp.637-653, 2004.

30.

Venkatraman N and Ramanujam V. "Measurement of business performance in strategy research: A comparison of approaches". Academy of Management Review. Vol.11, No.4, pp.801-814, 1986.

31.

Sooyun Park. "Significance of A Qualitative Case Study in Education" The journal of Educational Studies Vol.26, pp.197-215, 1997.

32.

Son, Hyeung-Seob. "A Study on Governance of Intelligent Information Society by Digital Transformation"Public Law. Vol.49, No.3, pp.199-230, 2021.

33.

ByoungJo Kim and Ju-Hyun Im. "Slack Resources and Firm's Internationalization: A Longitudinal Study"Korean Academy Of International Business Management, Vol.15, No.4, pp.1-23, 2011.

34.

Hambrick, D. C. "Upper echelons theory: An update". Academy of management review, Vol.32, No.2, pp.334-343, 2007.

35.

Cassar, G. "Industry and Startup experience on entrepreneur forecast performance in new firms". Journal of Business Venturing, Vol.29, No.1, pp.137-151, 2014.

36.

Zhang, L. "Founders matter! Serial entrepreneurs and venture capital syndicate formation.". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol.43, No.5, pp.974-998, 2018.

37.

Seung-Il Na and Ki-Yong Kim. "Learning Transfer of Participants in the Seoul National University Leadership Academy for Chief Executive Officers in Vocational Education" Journal of Agricultural Education and Human Resource Development Vol.39, No.4, pp.111-41, 2007.

38.

Wally, S. and Baum, J. "Personal and Structural Determinants of the Pace of Strategic Decision Making", Academy of Management Journal, Vol.37, pp.932-956, 1994.

39.

Child, J. (1972), "Organizational structure, environꠓment and performance: The role of straꠓtegic choice", Sociology, Vol.6, No.1, pp.1-22, 1972.

40.

Choel-soon Park, Jin-Tak Yoo. "Top managers as a determinant of corporate strategy: the integration of upper echelons theory and managerial discretion"Journal of Strategic Management, Vol.2, No.1, pp.147-1680, 1999.

41.

Yujin Back and Eonsoo Kim. "Determinants and Consequence of New CEO Origin in Turbulent Industries" Journal of Strategic Management, Vol.17, No.2, pp.47-77, 2014.

42.

Choi, Geum-seon and Young-Soo Kim. "The Effect of SME CEO's Strategy Selection Types on Corporate Value" Academic Society of Global Business Administration, Vol.17, No.3, pp.1-37, 2020.

43.

Oah, JungTaeg and Kim, Eunhee. "German Policy for SMEs’ Digital Transformation and Implications:Focused on the Mittelstand 4.0 Competence Center"Korean Business Education Review, Vol.36, No.4, pp.233-263, 2021.

44.

Se-In Kwon and Jong-Gon Yang. "A Study on the Structural Relationship among Technological Determinants, Manufacturing Operations, and Performances for Implementing a Smart Factory in Small Businesses"Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol.21, No.11, pp.650-661, 2020.

45.

Sangho Lee and Kwangmoon Cho "A Study on the Reality of IoT Device and Service Information Gap in the Era of Digital Transformation," Journal of Internet of Things and Convergence, Vol.7, No1, pp79-89, 2021.

한국사물인터넷학회논문지