ISSN : 2733-4538
The primary purpose of the present study was to develop and evaluate the effects of cognitive behavioral treatment program for noncompliant and aggressive behavior in children. Thirty four children between the 2nd and 4th grade in the elementary school with K-CBCL Aggressive Scale T score above 62 and IQ above 90 formed, 7 treatment groups with 4-5 children each and participated in the cognitive behavioral treatment(CBT)program. Of the 34 children, 29 completed the 15 session program consisting primarily of problem solving skills training. The children who participated in the CBT showed a significant increase in the number of problem solving responses to hypothetical conflict situations at the post-test and in problem solving behaviors within treatment sessions with the progress of treatment. The CBT children also showed a significant decrease in the K-CBCL externalizing behavior problem score. However, there was no significant change in the teacher-rated social skills. The results were discussed in terms of a need to explore ways to strengthen treatment intensity so as to ensure generalization and long term maintenance of treatment effects.