ISSN : 0023-3900
With Liberation, the Korean peninsula was full of revolutionary waves.Against the will of Korean people, however, the USA that occupiedSouth Korea and created the USAMGIK tried to maintain the status quoand build a bulwark against the communist USSR in South Korea. Toaccomplish its policy, the USAMGIK found the rightist paramilitaryyouth organizations necessary for illegal missions to smash their rivalsby violence that it could not perform by legal method. The USAMGIKand the Rhee-KDP group supported and encouraged the rightist para-military youth corps to exercise their violence without any restrictions.By this method, the United States and the Rhee-KDP group finally suc-ceeded in establishing a divided government, the ROK, in South Korea.There remained two features in South Korea. One was the division andthe other was a reactionary and anticommunistic Cold War countrywaiting for the Korean War.