The Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition (RCMAS-2) has long been used to measure anxiety levels in youth. Its introduction of a 10-item short form has enriched the efficiency and applicability of the scale; however, more re- search is warranted to elucidate its psychometric properties. This study aims to investigate the factor structure and the mea- surement invariance of the RCMAS-2 short form (RCMAS-2 SF) in Korean youth. In total, 1,525 participants from seven different cities of South Korea were included in the analysis (Mean Age = 12.49, SD = 2.54). After randomly assigning partici- pants into two groups, we consecutively performed exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The results of both analyses demonstrated that pediatric anxiety assessed using the RCMAS-2 SF is composed of two distinct latent factors: physiological anxiety and cognitive anxiety. Furthermore, the results supported strong invariance across gender and age. The RCMAS-2 SF score also showed good indices of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent validity. These findings highlight that the scale can be widely used as a time-efficient screening tool that enables valid score comparisons between boys and girls of different ages.
In implicit theory, a fixed mindset is a belief that an individual’s characteristics are immutable, and a growth mindset is a be- lief that one’s characteristics are changeable through effort. This study aimed to analyze the moderating effect of mindset on the relationship between depression and mental well-being. To this end, the self-report questionnaire responses of 1,107 psy- chiatric patients were used. Their depression, mental well-being, and mindset for anxiety, intelligence, emotion regulation, and personality were measured. Correlation analysis was performed on the subtypes of mindset, depression, and mental well- being. In addition, we verified whether each mindset subtype moderated the relationship between depression and mental well-being. The results showed that all subtypes of mindset had a significant moderating effect on depression and mental well-being. The importance of therapeutic interventions, such as maintaining a stable level of mental health using various in- terventions for growth and fixed mindsets according to the depression level of psychiatric patients, was discussed.