This study investigates the longitudinal bidirectional process between interparental conflict and children’s negative emotion- ality, and examines whether they predict children’s later problem behaviors. The participants were 2,150 children (1,091 boys; 1,059 girls) and their parents who participated in a large longitudinal panel study on Korean families, the Panel Survey on Korean Children of the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education. In this study, data from children aged 0–9 years were in- cluded in the analysis, and the bidirectional process between interparental conflict and children’s negative emotionality was explored from 0 to 4 years of age. Statistical analysis was conducted using a non-recursive model within a structural equation modeling framework. Both interparental conflict and children’s negative emotionality positively predicted problem behaviors at nine years of age. However, the bidirectional relationship between interparental conflict and children’s negative emotional- ity appeared in the opposite direction to the hypothesis at age one and was not significant thereafter. In the Discussion sec- tion, suggestions for future studies along with the clinical significance of parental conflict as a target to consider in children’s interventions are addressed.
This study examined whether compartmentalizing other-concept can further explain depression while controlling for the compartmentalization variables of self-concept. To analyze the difference in the effect of other-concept compartmentaliza- tion, Study 1 measured the other-concept of an intimate person, and Study 2 measured the other-concept of general figures, such as typical college students. In each study, the structures of self-concept (S-SAT), other-concept (S-OAT), and depression were measured in 190 college students. While the main effect of the self-concept control variables was significant, the other- concept variables did not predict depression in Study 1; however, the proportion of negative attributes of others predicted a decrease in depression in Study 2. Moreover, in Study 2, there was an interactive effect of compartmentalization and the dif- ferential importance of other-concepts. The group that positively compartmentalized the concept of a typical college student had a S-OAT higher depression than the group that negatively compartmentalized it. However, the difference in depression was not significant between the group that negatively compartmentalized the concept and the group that negatively inte- grated it. Finally, the clinical implications and limitations of the study are discussed.
Anxiety sensitivity is known to increase the risk of self-harm; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Studies have considered rumination as a potential factor that increases the risk of suicide, and anxiety sensitivity has been proposed as a probable factor that affects self-harm through rumination. We investigated the mediating effect of rumination on anxiety sensitivity and self-harm and extended the study by examining the involvement of two subtypes of rumination, reflection and brooding. Responses on anxiety sensitivity, rumination, and history of self-harm were collected from psychiatric patients (N = 148) at a university hospital. Mediation analyses were conducted to examine the simple mediating effect of global rumi- nation and serial mediating effect of reflection and brooding between anxiety sensitivity and self-harm. Rumination medi- ated the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and self-harm, while reflection and brooding sequentially mediated the path from anxiety sensitivity to self-harm. Additionally, brooding alone mediated this path, whereas reflection alone did not. Our findings indicate that rumination increases the risk of self-harm in psychiatric patients with high anxiety sensitivity. Further- more, they indicate that reflection may turn into brooding and heighten the risk of self-harm, suggesting that interventions for individuals with high anxiety sensitivity to prevent self-harm should target both reflection and brooding.