The purpose of this study was to explore the mediating effects of self-evaluation in the relationship between social skill, the quality of peer relationship and peer victimization. 960 middle school students participated in the study. They were asked to complete the questionnaire about peer victimization, social skill, the quality of peer relationship, peer acceptance, self-evaluation which means self-esteem and self evaluation of problem behaviors. .Data was obtained in the form of self-reports, except the peer acceptance scale collected from peer nomination process. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling method. The results showed, as predicted, the pathway from social skill, the quality of peer relationship via self-evaluation to peer victimization showed significantly good model fit(χ2(df=39, N=960)=242.125, p=.000; GFI=.959; NFI=.952; TLI=.943; CFI=.959; RMSEA=.074).. Complete mediating model of self-evaluation is parsimonious and good model in understanding adolescents peer victimization. The limitations of this study were discussed with suggestions for further study.
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