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Cognitive and Emotional Factors associated with PTSD Symptoms among Police Officers


The purpose of the study was to examine cognitive and emotional factors associated with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among police officers in Korea. Police officers are frequently exposed to traumatic events at work, leading to higher risk for PTSD. Three hundred eighty three police officers agreed to participate in the study and completed a set of self-report questionnaires assessing PTSD symptoms, frequency of traumatic events, alexithymia, dissociation, anxiety sensitivity, and empathy. Results showed that alexithymia, dissociation, anxiety sensitivity, and empathy were significantly correlated with PTSD symptoms. As predicted, alexithymia, dissociation, and anxiety sensitivity showed positive correlations with PTSD symptoms. Among subfactors of empathic abilities, perspective taking and empathic concern were negatively correlated with PTSD symptoms whereas fantasy and personal distress were positively correlated with. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to examine relative contributions of predictors to PTSD symptoms after controlling for frequency of traumatic events. Results showed that alexithymia, dissociation, and anxiety sensitivity remained significant, while empathic abilities did not. Based on findings, cognitive and emotional factors associated with PTSD symptoms in police officers were discussed.

외상후 스트레스 장애(PTSD), 감정표현불능증, 해리, 불안민감성, 공감, PTSD, alexithymia, dissociation, anxiety sensitivity, empathy



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