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아동기 학대경험이 경계선 성격특성에 미치는 영향과 반응적 공격성의 매개효과

The Effects of Child Abuse Experience on Borderline Personality Traits: The Mediating Effect of Reactive Aggression

초록

본 연구는 아동기 학대경험이 경계선 성격특성에 미치는 영향과 반응적 공격성의 매개 효과를 검증하였다. 연구대상은 528명 전국 초기성인(20-30대)을 대상으로 경계선 성격특성, 학대경험, 반응적 공격성과 관련 된 온라인 설문을 실시하였고 변인들 간의 관계를 상관관계분석을 하였고 단순회귀분석 및 위계적 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과를 통하여 첫째, 초기성인의 아동기 학대경험과 경계선 성격특성 간 유의한 정적 상관관계를 확인할 수 있었다. 둘째, 경계선 성격특성과 반응적 공격성은 유의한 정적 상관관계를 확인하였다. 셋째, 회고된 아동기 학대경험과 초기성인의 경계선 성격특성의 관계에서 반응적 공격성의 매개효과를 확인할 수 있었다. 연구결과를 통하여 아동기의 학대경험은 경계선 성격특성에 직접적인 영향을 미칠 뿐 아니라 반응적 공격성을 매개하여 경계선 성격특성에 영향을 미치는 것을 확인하였다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 의의, 제한점과 더불어 추후 연구를 위한 제언을 논의하였다.

keywords
아동기 학대경험, 경계선 성격특성, 반응적 공격성, 성격장애, 공격성, child abuse, borderline personality traits, reactive aggression, personality disorder, aggression

Abstract

This study examined the effects of child abuse experiences on borderline personality traits and the mediating effects of reactive aggression. The participants were early adults(n=528) who were asked to complete an online questionnaire on borderline personality traits, child abuse experiences, and reactive aggression. Data analysis was conducted using correlation analysis and simple regression analysis and the test of mediated effect. The results confirmed that child abuse had a significant positive correlation with the formation of borderline personality traits in early adults. Reactive aggression also showed a significant positive correlation with the formation of borderline personality traits in early adults. Moreover, the mediating effects of reactive aggression between child abuse and borderline personality traits in early adults were confirmed. The results of this study showed that child abuse not only directly affects but also influences the formation of borderline personality traits, the latter through the mediation of reactive aggression. Finally, the implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research were discussed.

keywords
아동기 학대경험, 경계선 성격특성, 반응적 공격성, 성격장애, 공격성, child abuse, borderline personality traits, reactive aggression, personality disorder, aggression

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