바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

Korean Journal of School Psychology

메뉴

The effects of stress mindset on perceived stress and self-control in college students

Abstract

This study, for the first time, examined predictive validity of stress mindset-the beliefs about the effects of stress-on perceived stress and self-control in college students. To do so, 159 college students completed self-reported questionnaires on stress mindset, perceived stress, and self-control. The results indicated that compared to students who believed stress can be utilized, those who believed stress is strictly harmful tended to experience higher level of stress, which, in turn, predicted lower self-control. These findings suggest that changing college students’ stress mindset may be a good way to help them to thrive mentally and behaviorally.

keywords
College Student Stress Mindset Perceived Stress Self-Control

Reference

1.

고명주, 최보영 (2017). 대학생의 학업스트레스와 대학생활적응과의 관계에서 자기조절능력의 매개효과. 청소년학연구, 24(6), 81-104.

2.

구민주, 신여울, 박다은 (2018). 보육교사의 스트레스 마인드셋과 이직의도와의 관계에서 직무스트레스의 매개효과. 아동학회지, 39(5), 81-92.

3.

권재환, 이성주 (2013). 대학생의 지각된 부모양육태도가 자기통제력과 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향. 한국청소년연구, 24(2), 35- 62.

4.

김나미, 김신섭 (2013). 대학생 생활 스트레스가 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향: 사회적 지지와 회복 탄력성의 매개효과. 상담학연구, 14(2), 1125-1144.

5.

김예진 (2015). 직장인의 자아탄력성과 지각된 스트레스와의 관계: 스트레스 마인드셋의 매개효과. 이화여자대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

6.

김용현 (2012). 대학생이 지각한 부모의 부부갈등과 자기통제력, 분노표현방식의 관계. 건양대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

7.

김종운, 김남희 (2018). 대학생의 스트레스가 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향. 학습자중심교과교육연구, 18, 253-275.

8.

김진희 (2016). 대학생이 지각한 스트레스와 대학생활적응의 관계: 자기 통제력과 건강증진 생활양식의 매개효과. 한국심리유형학회지, 17(1), 81-100.

9.

노현미, 최외선, 박인전 (2009). 아동의 자기조절능력이 친구관계 및 학교적응에 미치는 영향. 한국가정관리학회지, 27(2), 281-292.

10.

박미진, 김진희, 정민선 (2009). 진로상담: 취업준비 대학생의 스트레스에 대한 질적 연구. 상담학연구, 10(1), 417-435.

11.

박준호, 서영석 (2010). 대학생을 대상으로 한 한국판 지각된 스트레스 척도 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 일반, 29(3), 611-629.

12.

배옥현, 홍상욱 (2008). 대학생의 자아분화 정도가 스트레스 수준 및 대처방식에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구. 한국생활과학회지, 17(1), 27-34.

13.

송남옥 (2004). 대학생의 스트레스, 자기통제력, 자아존중감과 인터넷 사용 수준. 연세대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

14.

송보배 (2019). 스트레스 마인드셋과 학업성취와의 관계. 고려대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

15.

신성만, 송용수, 오준성, 신정미 (2018). 대학생의 스트레스, 자기 통제력 및 페이스북 중독 간의 관계. 재활심리연구, 25(2), 371- 388.

16.

안세윤, 하창순 (2008). 상담일반: 대학생의 자기통제력과 스트레스 지각 및 대처와의 관계-지방의 한 대학생들을 중심으로. 상담학연구, 9(2), 391-403.

17.

오혜진 (2013). 지각된 스트레스, 무망감, 우울 및 자살 생각의 관계. 경북대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

18.

유계숙, 신동우 (2013). 대학생의 학업․취업 스트레스 대처방식과 학업 스트레스로 인한 소진 및 취업 스트레스 간의 관련성에 관한 연구. Korean Journal of Counseling, 14(6), 3849-3869.

19.

유현주, 김호영 (2018). 대학생의 자기통제력과 인터넷 게임 중독 경향성의 관계: 지각된 스트레스와 대처전략의 이중매개효과. Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37(2), 156-165.

20.

이성식 (2014). 사이버비행에 있어 낮은 자기통제력과 사회유대 및 차별접촉 환경요인과의 상호작용효과와 그 성별 차이. 청소년학연구, 21(2), 279-298.

21.

이옥형 (2012). 대학생의 생활스트레스, 자아탄력성 및 사회적 지지가 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향. 청소년학연구, 19(1), 29-57.

22.

이인혜 (1999). 스트레스 및 대처가 신체지각에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 건강, 4(1), 80-93.

23.

이정은 (2005). 자기복잡성과 자기 효능감이 우울과 지각된 스트레스에 미치는 영향. 아주대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

24.

전영자, 김세진 (1999). 대학생 스트레스와 대처방식에 관한 연구. 학생생활연구(인하대 학생생활연구소), 3, 157-178.

25.

정진나 (2017). 부모의 우울 및 온정결여가 유아의 공격행동에 미치는 영향에서 유아 자기통제의 조절효과. 유아교육연구, 37 (3), 183-202.

26.

조한수 (2009). 성역할 정체감과 자기통제력이 취업스트레스에 미치는 영향. 건양대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

27.

조혜진 (2010). 자기조절과 폭식행동의 관계. 서울대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

28.

주은선, 현수경 (2005). 대학생들의 인간관계 향상에 도움이 되는 수업모형 개발을 위한 예비연구. 학생생활연구: 덕성여자대학교 학생생활연구소, 21, 23-41.

29.

통계청 (2017). 2017 청소년 통계. 대전: 통계청.

30.

통계청 (2019). 2019 청소년 통계. 대전: 통계청.

31.

Arnsten, A. F. (2009). Stress signaling pathways that impair prefrontal cortex structure and function. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10, 410-422.

32.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182.

33.

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Ego depletion and self-control failure: An energy model of the self’s executive function. Self & Identity, 1(2), 129-136.

34.

Baumeister, R. F., Heatherton, T. F., & Tice, D. M. (1994). Losing control: How and why people fail at self-regulation. San Diego, CA, US: Academic press.

35.

Ben-Avi, N., Toker, S., & Heller, D. (2018). “If stress is good for me, it’s probably good for you too”: Stress mindset and judgment of others’ strain. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 74, 98-110.

36.

Blackwell, L. S., Trzesniewski, K. H., & Dweck, C. S. (2007). Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: A longitudinal study and an intervention. Child Development, 78(1), 246-263.

37.

Blair, C., & Raver, C. C. (2012). Child development in the context of adversity: Experiential canalization of brain and behavior. American Psychologist, 67(4), 309-318.

38.

Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. K. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56(2), 267-283.

39.

Casper, A., Sonnentag, S., & Tremmel, S. (2017). Mindset matters: The role of employees’ stress mindset for day-specific reactions to workload anticipation. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(6), 798-810.

40.

Cohn, M. A., Fredrickson, B. L., Brown, S. L., Mikels, J. A., & Conway, A. M. (2009). Happiness unpacked: Positive emotions increase life satisfaction by building resilience. Emotion, 9(3), 361-368.

41.

Cohen, S., Karmarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measures of perceived stress. Joumal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4), 385-396.

42.

Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. M. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Health (pp. 31-67). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

43.

Crum, A., & Lyddy, C. (2014). De-stressing stress: The power of mindsets and the art of stressing mindfully. In A. le, C. T. Ngnoumen, & E. J. Langer (Eds.), The Wiley Blackwell handbook of mindfulness (pp. 948-963). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

44.

Crum, A. J., Salovey, P., & Achor, S. (2013). Rethinking stress: The role of mindsets in determining the stress response. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(4), 716-733.

45.

Darlington, R., & Hayes, A. (2017). Regression analysis and linear models: Concepts, application, and implementation. NY: Guilford Press.

46.

Duckworth, A. L., Kim, B., & Tsukayama, E. (2013). Life stress impairs self-control in early adolescence. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 608-619.

47.

Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. (2006). Self-discipline gives girls the edge: Gender in self-discipline, grades, and achievement test scores. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(1), 198-208.

48.

Dweck, C. S. (2008). Mindset: The new psychology of success. NY: Random House.

49.

Dweck, C. S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality. Psychological Review, 95(2), 256- 273.

50.

Finkel, E. J., & Campbell, W. K. (2001). Self-control and accommodation in close relationships: An interdependence analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(2), 263-277.

51.

Finkenauer, C., Engels, R., & Baumeister, R. (2005). Parenting behaviour and adolescent behavioural and emotional problems: The role of self-control. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(1), 58-69.

52.

Forsythe, C. J., & Compas, B. E. (1987). Interaction of cognitive appraisals of stressful events and coping: Testing the goodness of fit hypothesis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 11(4), 473-485.

53.

Gailliot, M. T., Schmeichel, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-control on thoughts and fears of dying. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(1), 49-62.

54.

Galla, B. M., Plummer, B. D., White, R. E., Meketon, D., D’Mello, S. K., & Duckworth, A. L. (2014). The Academic Diligence Task (ADT): Assessing individual differences in effort on tedious but important schoolwork. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 39(4), 314-325.

55.

Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2, 271-299.

56.

Hayes, A. F. (2009). Beyond Baron and Kenny: Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium. Communication Monographs, 76(4), 408-420.

57.

Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression‐based approach. New York: The Guilford Press.

58.

Hayes, A. F., & Rockwood, N. J. (2017). Regression-based statistical mediation and moderation analysis in clinical research: Observations, recommendations, and implementation. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 98, 39-57.

59.

Hong, Y. Y., Chiu, C. Y., Dweck, C. S., Lin, D. M. S., & Wan, W. (1999). Implicit theories, attributions, and coping: A meaning system approach. Journal of Personality and Social psychology, 77(3), 588-599.

60.

Keech, J. J., Hagger, M. S., & Hamilton, K. (in press). Changing stress mindsets with a novel imagery intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Emotion.

61.

Kilby, C. J., & Sherman, K. A. (2016). Delineating the relationship between stress mindset and primary appraisals: Preliminary findings. Springer Plus, 5(1), 336-343.

62.

Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York & London: The Guilford Press.

63.

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer publishing company.

64.

McClelland, M. M., Cameron, C. E., Duncan, R., Bowles, R. P., Acock, A. C., Miao, A., & Pratt, M. E. (2014). Predictors of early growth in academic achievement: The head-toes-knees-shoulders task. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1-14.

65.

Mischel, W. (2014). The marshmallow test: Understanding self-control and how to master it. London: Random House.

66.

Mischel, W., Shoda, Y., & Peake, P. K. (1988). The nature of adolescent competencies predicted by preschool delay of gratification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(4), 687-696.

67.

Mischel, W., Shoda, Y., & Rodriguez, M. I. (1989). Delay of gratification in children. Science, 244(4907), 933-938.

68.

Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., ..., & Sears, M. R. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(7), 2693-2698.

69.

Oaten, M., & Cheng, K. (2005). Academic examination stress impairs self-control. Journal of social and clinical psychology, 24(2), 254-279.

70.

Park, D., Tsukayama, E., Goodwin, G. P., Patrick, S., & Duckworth, A. L. (2017). A tripartite taxonomy of character: Evidence for intrapersonal, interpersonal, and intellectual competencies in children. Contemmporary Educational Psychology, 48, 16-27.

71.

Park, D., Yu, A., Metz, S. E., Tsukayama, E., Crum, A. J., & Duckworth, A. L. (2018). Beliefs about stress attenuate the relation among adverse life events, perceived distress, and self‐control. Child Development, 89(6), 2059-2069.

72.

Penley, J. A., Tomaka, J., & Wiebe, J. S. (2002). The association of coping to physical and psychological health outcomes: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25(6), 551-603.

73.

Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717- 731.

74.

Roisman, G. I., Masten, A. S., Coatsworth, J. D., & Tellegen, A. (2004). Salient and emerging developmental tasks in the transition to adulthood. Child Development, 75(1), 123-133.

75.

Rucker, D. D., Preacher, K. J., Tormala, Z. L., & Petty, R. E. (2011). Mediation analysis in social psychology: Current practices and new recommendations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(6), 359-371.

76.

Schmeichel, B. J., & Vohs, K. (2009). Self-affirmation and self-control: Affirming core values counteracts ego depletion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(4), 770-782.

77.

Segrin, C., Hanzal, A., Donnerstein, C., Taylor, M., & Domschke, T. J. (2007). Social skills, psychological well-being, and the mediating role of perceived stress. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 20(3), 321-329.

78.

Shoda, Y., Mischel, W., & Peake, P. K. (1990). Predicting adolescent cognitive and self- regulatory competencies from preschool delay of gratification: Identifying diagnostic conditions. Developmental Psychology, 26(6), 978-986.

79.

Silverman, I. W. (2003). Gender differences in delay of gratification: A meta-analysis. Sex Roles, 49(9-10), 451-463.

80.

Steinberg, L., Albert, D., Cauffman, E., Banich, M., Graham, S., & Woolard, J. (2008). Age differences in sensation seeking and impulsivity as indexed by behavior and self-report: Evidence for a dual systems model. Developmental Psychology, 44(6), 1764-1778.

81.

Tangney, J. P., Baumeister, R. F., & Boone, A. L. (2004). High self‐control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72(2), 271-324.

82.

Tsukayama, E., Duckworth, A. L., & Kim, B. (2013). Domain‐specific impulsivity in school‐age children. Developmental Science, 16(6), 879-893.

83.

Vazsonyi, A. T., & Jiskrova, G. K. (2018). On the development of self-control and deviance from preschool to middle adolescence. Journal of Criminal Justice, 56, 60-69.

84.

Woodward, L. J., Lu, Z., Morris, A. R., & Healey, D. M. (2017). Preschool self regulation predicts later mental health and educational achievement in very preterm and typically developing children. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 31(2), 404-422.

85.

Yeager, D. S., & Dweck, C. S. (2012). Mindsets that promote resilience: When students believe that personal characteristics can be developed. Educational Psychologist, 47(4), 302-314.

Korean Journal of School Psychology