학업소진 발달에 영향을 미치는 위험요인과 보호요인 탐색하기 위하여 완벽주의와의 관련성을 확인해보기 위해서 메타분석을 실시하였다. 국․내외 출판된 38편의 출판물을 대상으로 n = 11,545명의 데이터를 이용하여 적응적 완벽주의와 부적응적 완벽주의로 구분하여 학업소진과의 관계를 보이는지 효과크기를 조사하였다. 그 결과, 적응적 완벽주의는 학업적 냉소와 무능감과 부적인 관계를 보였으며, 부적응적 완벽주의는 학업소진의 모든 하위요인과 정적인 관계를 보였다. 전공계열별로 그 차이를 확인하기 위하여 조절효과 분석 결과 적응적 완벽주의와 학업적 무능감간의 부적인 관계는 일반계열 집단에서 가장 큰 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 부적응적 완벽주의와 정서적 탈진과 학업적 냉소간의 정적인 관계는 의학계열 집단에서 가장 큰 것으로 나타났으며, 무능감간의 관계는 운동계열에서 가장 큰 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로, 이러한 결과에 대한 연구적 의의와 학교현장에서의 적용가능성이 논의되었다.
A meta analysis was conducted in order to investigate the risk and the protective factor on academic burnout with related to perfectionism. The effect size on the relationship between academic burnout and two types of perfectionism (adaptive-maladaptive) was investigated with 38 published articles (n = 11,545). Adaptive perfectionism was showed a negative relationship with emotional exhaustion and inefficacy. Maladaptive perfectionism was showed a positive relationship with three components of burnout. Subsequently, moderator analysis by three majors revealed that general group had the highest effect size on the relationship between adaptive perfectionism and inefficacy. The medical group reported the highest effect size of maladaptive perfectionism on the relationship with emotional exhaustion and cynicism. Thirdly, the athletic group mostly effected on the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and inefficacy. Lastly, the theoretical and the practical implication were discussed with suggesting the further study.
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