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KCI Impact Factor

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Vol.23 No.4

10papers in this issue.

초록보기
Abstract

At present, domestic archives within the realm of performing arts predominantly focus on recording through videos, yet they often lack comprehensive documentation of crucial production processes and content services. Recognizing the contemporary significance of archival content services, this study analyzes the archival content within the national performing arts archives websites of the United Kingdom and the United States, serving as international benchmarks. The findings extrapolate insights and implications to propose enhancements for the Museum of Performing Arts in the National Theater of Korea. The analysis focused mainly on the missions and visions on the websites, examining 107 contents from the UK National Theater, 27 from the United States, and 9 from Korea. The suggested improvements encompass clarifying target users and execution tasks in the mission and vision statements, fostering expert collaborations, incorporating preview features, curating content with a single theme, and organizing a comprehensive list on the National Theater’s YouTube channel.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to improve the records classification system of the Korean Province of the Daughters of St. Paul for the systematic management and usage of records that they produced and collected. First, the ideology of the foundation of the Congregation and the history of the Korean Province were investigated, and the structure of the community and the present condition of records management were surveyed. The classification methods were chosen according to function, organization, and type for categorization of records. Afterward, the classification system of the General House Historical Archives was analyzed, and some parts set to be improved from the current system were examined. Finally, a revised classification system was suggested. The result of this study can be used to update the system and become a useful material for developing systems of other Catholic Congregations.

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Abstract

Korea is a record powerhouse nation with the largest number of Memory of the World in the Asia-Pacific; however, active utilization of archives for future generations has been lacking. Therefore, this study sought to enhance interest in archives and utilize them directly in school lessons. The Korean National Debt Redemption Movement’s archives, which were selected as a Memory of the World, were used in the school lessons, and based on them, a library collaborative instruction design was developed. A library collaborative instruction is a collaboration between the high school Korean history subject and the library information literacy instruction, designed in three sessions. Through the literature research-based design, a library collaborative instruction plan, teaching and learning plan, and activity sheets were derived. Implementing this designed library collaborative instruction is expected to stimulate interest in the Memory of the World, linking curriculum and archives at schools and significantly expanding the users of the archives into teachers and students.

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the frequency of keywords used in Korean abstracts, which are unstructured text data in the domestic record management research field, using text mining techniques to identify domestic record management research trends through distance analysis between keywords. To this end, 1,157 keywords of 77,578 journals were visualized by extracting 1,157 articles from 7 journal types (28 types) searched by major category (complex study) and middle category (literature informatics) from the institutional statistics (registered site, candidate site) of the Korean Citation Index (KCI). Analysis of t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE) and Scattertext using Word2vec was performed. As a result of the analysis, first, it was confirmed that keywords such as “record management” (889 times), “analysis” (888 times), “archive” (742 times), “record” (562 times), and “utilization” (449 times) were treated as significant topics by researchers. Second, Word2vec analysis generated vector representations between keywords, and similarity distances were investigated and visualized using t-SNE and Scattertext. In the visualization results, the research area for record management was divided into two groups, with keywords such as “archiving,” “national record management,” “standardization,” “official documents,” and “record management systems” occurring frequently in the first group (past). On the other hand, keywords such as “community,” “data,” “record information service,” “online,” and “digital archives” in the second group (current) were garnering substantial focus.

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze research topics within the domain of archival studies by examining bibliographic information from academic papers in archival science, library and information science, and history. After collecting 1,173 academic papers, network analysis was performed based on author keyword data, topic modeling was conducted from abstract data, and the analysis results were organized over time. The network analysis results based on author keywords confirmed that the research topic network actively changed according to variations in major laws and policies. Moreover, topic modeling from the abstract showed that the subjects of the entire academic paper were divided into “Records Management,” “Archiving,” and “National Records Policy.” Notably, from 2002 to 2009, “Records Management” and “National Records Policy” were relatively dominant, but it has achieved balanced quantitative growth since 2009, peaking in 2019.

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Abstract

This study explores the transfer of defunct school records (by preservation period, type, and place of transfer) in South Korea since the Public Records Management Act was enacted in 1999 and suggests improvements. Metropolitan and provincial offices of education, totaling 17, were asked to disclose information about the status of defunct school records. Since 1999, 1,411 schools nationwide have closed permanently, predominantly elementary schools, followed by high then middle schools. By preservation period, there were more records in the 1 to 10-year category than in the 30-year to permanent category. By record type, most were electronic records, followed by paper records, archival objects, and audiovisual records. By place of transfer, most nonelectronic records were transferred to integrated schools, and most electronic records were transferred to the Records Management System. In-depth interviews with 10 record managers from local education offices found that the management of defunct school records varies widely by region and institution because of the lack of specified manuals. Participants also reported difficulties in transferring web-based records, archival objects, and audiovisual records, as well as insufficient archival space and computer systems. This study also provides suggestions to improve the management of defunct school records, such as establishing specified manuals, creating a dedicated government department for managing defunct school records, deploying workforces, and improving computer systems.

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Abstract

The scale of research and development (R&D) investment is increasing to strengthen national competitiveness through technological innovation, leading to an increased interest in investment efficiency. In records management, the National Archives of Korea has been leading the national research and development project since 2008. Accordingly, this study analyzed R&D projects in records management regarding implementing organization, performance or outcomes, and subjects, targeting 111 National Archives of Korea contract research projects from 2008 to 2022. The analysis showed that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) were the most likely to conduct research, the majority of the research outcomes were academic publications, and there were some discrepancies between the reported performance in research and the actual performance. In terms of research subjects, the most common type of records are paper or print documents, establishing an electronic management system among the National Archives’ works. In terms of the frequency of keywords in the records management process and research projects, it was found that research was mainly conducted on “preservation.” Meanwhile, only 10 cases, or 9% of the 111 projects, were found to be relevant in terms of utilizing big data and developing intelligent technologies related to digital transformation. Therefore, the effectiveness of the R&D project must be improved through follow-up management of the results even after the research project is completed. In addition, in terms of research topics, it was identified that aside from “preservation,” studies focusing on “transfer,” “classification,” “evaluation,” and “collection,” as well as research that responds to digital transformation, are needed.

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Abstract

A digital archive is an online platform for preserving and utilizing digital records worthy of continued preservation. However, there are no shared standards for functionality, metadata, or data technical principles across digital archives in Korea. These issues create challenges in linking distributed digital records. This study proposes a common vocabulary for digital archives to enhance the interoperability of digital records and evaluates the interoperability of the digital archive built with the common vocabulary. We collect and analyze data from the digital archive on the Korean financial crisis of 1997 to construct a knowledge graph and compare its interoperability with the knowledge graph built with RiC-O. The archive and the knowledge graph underwent evaluation using the FAIR data principles evaluation framework. The constructed knowledge graph links various objects in the archive and provides contextual information to aid in understanding the archive. The results demonstrate that a knowledge graph built with a common vocabulary significantly improves the linkage, search, and interoperability of digital records compared to a traditional archive.

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Abstract

Records management institutions in Korea generally face a situation where they lack the workforce to manage the vast amount of electronic records. If electronic records management tasks and archival information services can be automated and intelligentized, the workload can be reduced and the service satisfaction of users can be improved. Therefore, this study proposes to utilize “generative AI” technology in records management practice. To achieve this, the study first examined previous research that aimed to intelligently automate various tasks in the field of records management. The fundamental concepts of generative AI were subsequently outlined, and domestic cases of generative AI applications were investigated. Next, the scope of applying generative AI to the field of records management was defined, and specific utilization strategies were proposed based on this. Regarding the strategies, the effectiveness was verified by presenting results from applying commercial generative AI services or citing examples from other fields. Lastly, the benefits and implications of using generative AI technology in the field of records management, as well as limitations that must be addressed in advance, were presented. This study holds significance in that it identified tasks within the field of records management where generative AI technology can be integrated and proposed effective utilization strategies tailored to those tasks.

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Abstract

This study aims to develop a web records management process for public institutions and define the roles of agents in task execution. First, web records’ concept and management environment across 17 domestic and international institutions were examined, and web archiving professionals were interviewed to investigate the current status of the environment, policies, and systems related to web record management. Then, a web records life-cycle management process was formulated to create a web records management framework applicable to domestic institutions. This process was classified into short-term, medium-to-long-term, and medium-to-long-term, with additional consideration plans designed to strengthen the web records management capabilities of public institutions from a long-term perspective. Third, the roles of agents in web records management, including the processing department, archivist, and permanent records management organization, are presented to establish a working foundation for the web record management process. Finally, the study’s result can be used to build a process that reflects the practice of web records management or establish policies and systems related to web records management.

Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management