This paper is aimed to offer a comprehensive overview of research on children’s source monitoring (SM), exploring significant factors known to impact children’s SM focused on the context of children’s testimony. The discussion was mainly presented the results of applied and experimental studies of children’s SM. The ultimate goal of this review is to build a beneficial synthesis of currently available and relevant information concerning children’s SM process and ability, thereby producing a reliable and concise interpretation that classifies important areas for potential future research of children’s testimony. Various factors may influence children’s SM; however, this overview was concentrated on, in particular, critical characteristics of the sources, the source judgment processes, and the individual differences within the context of children’s testimony. The experimental research and implied conclusions criticized herein proposed a groundwork and theoretical perspective for potential state-of-the-art empirical studies in this research field. It is hopeful that these imperative and extensive knowledge can be incorporated into practical legal settings in children’s lives and well-being.
This study was conducted to explore the hostage negotiation strategy of first-line police and to compare the result with the public. The purpose of this study was to provide a basic information about hostage negotiation strategy of the police. The police and public participants read the hostage negotiation scenario and then estimated the overall response strategies, the basic negotiation strategies and specific strategies for hostage negotiations on the 7-point scale. The results revealed that the police set a high values on the area of functional role such as blocking the scene, registering the negotiating situation, and so on compared with the general person. However, polices showed less accessibility and importance than general public about the items to be careful(ex, when hostage takers want to trivial items, polices can provide those without any rewards). In addition, the item that can have a negative effect on hostage situation was estimated higher accessibility and importance by the police than general public. Generally, the police have enough knowledge and understanding of hostage negotiation strategy although education on some items should be provided.
The purpose of the present study is to examine the types of traumatic events and degree of the impact of traumatic events experienced by police officers. A questionnaire was distributed in order to assess the traumatic event experiences. The data were collected from 180 police officers in detective divisions in the provincial police agency and police stations in Korea. The results reveled that police officers were exposed to various traumatic events, which can be categorized into primary and secondary traumatic events. In addition, 12.2% of 180 police officers strongly impacted by traumatic events. Therefore, the integration of stress management and critical incident management programs by Korean police organization should be implemented to ensure psychological well-being for the police officers.