비규범적이거나 법에 저촉되는 행동이 행위자나 판단자의 사회경제적 지위에 따라 다르게 지각되고 판단되는가? 본 논문에서는 사회경제적 지위가 비규범적 행위의 옳고 그름에 대한 판단과 위법행위에 대한 처벌 관련 판단에 미치는 영향을 검증하였던 국내외의 연구들을 개관하고 후속연구 방향을 제시하였다. 이를 위하여, 먼저 심리학 분야에서 사회경제적 지위가 어떠한 방식으로 개념화되고 측정되어 왔는지 살펴보았다. 다음으로, 도덕판단과 처벌판단의 양상이 행위자와 판단자의 사회경제적 지위에 따라 왜, 그리고 어떻게 달라지는지 알아보았던 연구들을 개관하였다. 마지막으로, 사회경제적 지위가 도덕판단과 처벌판단에 미치는 영향과 관련하여 추후 연구 과제들을 제시하고, 이러한 연구들이 우리사회에서 가지는 함의를 논하였다.
Are non-normative behaviors or illegal acts perceived and judged differently depending on the actor’s or the perceiver’s socioeconomic status (SES)? The goals of this article are to review past research on the role of SES in moral judgments and punitive judgments and to suggest directions for future research. Specifically, it is first reviewed how socioeconomic status has been conceptualized and measured in the field of psychology. Then, past research on the effect of SES on moral judgments and its potential mechanisms is reviewed. Past work on how and why punitive judgments vary depending on both the perpetrator’s and the juror’s SES is also reviewed. Finally, suggestions for future research are made and implications that this line of research has in the Korean society are discussed.
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