지난 몇 십 년 동안 사이코패시를 측정하는 재범 위험성 평가도구의 신뢰도와 타당도를 지지하는 많은 연구들이 발표되면서 사이코패시 측정도구는 형사정책 현장에서 위험성 평가도구 중 가장 널리 사용되고 있다. 사이코패시 점수의 예측 타당도가 평가자의 특성 및 훈련 정도에 따라 달라질 수 있다는 최근의 연구 결과에도 불구하고, 사이코패시 측정도구를 사용한 평가자들에 대한 논의나 연구는 부족한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 사이코패시 측정도구를 사용한 61개의 기존 연구들을 바탕으로 각 연구에서 사이코패시 측정도구를 사용한 평가자들에 대한 정보를 확인하였다. 그 결과, 대부분의 연구들은 사이코패시 측정도구를 누가 사용하였는지, 평가자는 사이코패시 전문가 지침서에서 제시한 요건을 충족할 만한 학위 및 훈련을 받았는지, 법임상 현장 경험이 있었는지 등에 대한 정보를 제공하지 않았다. 본 연구는 위험성 평가 시 사이코패시 측정의 예측타당도 및 신뢰도를 높이기 위해 사이코패시 측정도구를 사용하는 평가자들에 대한 적절한 교육 및 지속적인 훈련의 필요성을 제안한다.
A significant body of research have been published to support the predictive validity of psychopathy measures. But most PCL studies have not focused on the raters scoring these psychopathy measures. This study coded how often and what information was provided regarding raters who scored the psychopathy measures in 61 published PCL studies. Our findings are noteworthy for demonstrating that PCL studies have been less likely provide information about the raters using psychopathy measures to readers. Specifically, most of PCL studies did not provide any information about who scored the PCL, the rater’s level of training or experiences regarding risk assessment. Future study implication includes exploring the effect of rater’s training, experiences, and characteristics on variability on psychopathy measures enhance risk assessment practice in clinical and forensic settings.
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