The need of psychological service for probation were discussed from 2001. The purpose of this study was to review researches on probation in the Korean Journal of Psychology for an analysis of the research trend. Several important results of the study are as follows. First, this study showed that the papers in the Korean Journal of Psychology were 28 in total, and the statistical analytic methods were quantitative. Second, the principal areas of the research and publication were divided into two areas; the effects of counseling and therapy programs, and risk and protective factors on recidivism. Third, the studies of risk and protective factors on recidivism were divided into ① comparison researches among adolescents under probation and middle or high school students, ② researches of psychological and environmental factors on juvenile adolescents, ③ researches on the validity and development of scales, ④ probation case classificatioin, legal dispositions for risk types of sex offenders, and investigative interview. The limitations of this study and the importance of school education on the prevention of violence and recidivism, were discussed. Lastly, the directions and implications for further study were suggested.
Voice identification is the process of comparing a perpetrator’s and suspect’s voice samples in order to determine if the two voices are consistent with one another. Previous research suggested that since it requires remembering and recognizing voices from a past experience, the accuracy of an earwitness’s identification could be affected by various factors. These include variables relating to the identification procedures such as line-up size, instruction, delay and so on. Also a witness’s age, gender, race or confidence could affect the accuracy of voice identification results. Recognizing how vulnerable the identification process should be, the governments of England and Wales published the official guidance on voice parades in 2003. However, theoretical findings on voice identification and its application for the legal system in South Korea are still little known. These findings are required to continue with concerns and efforts from both academic and legal experts in order to establish the standardized guidance for voice identification in South Korea.