This study examined perceptions of police interrogation techniques and false confession in Korea. General perceptions on police interrogations and their techniques, including how frequently those interrogation techniques are actually used and whether such techniques would elicit false confession, were examined. Furthermore, general perceptions on confession, including the importance of confession evidence in trials and confession possibilities between guilty and innocent were also measured. The results revealed some misconceptions about police interrogation techniques and confession. Also, there was a significant difference on the general perceptions of interrogation techniques by gender. The findings suggest that most lay people believe that police interrogations hardly elicit false confessions from innocent suspects and confessions are reliable evidence. Implications for Korean criminal justice system will be discussed.
Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by impulsiveness, a history of crime and legal problem. Impulsiveness is also connected with law-breaking. In view of Positive psychology, the reason for the revelation of psychiatric disorder is considered as the absence of psychological strengths. The aim of this study is to find out the relation between impulsiveness and character traits among antisocial personality disposition from not prisoner, to figure out maladaptive features of personality disposition from Character Strengths and Virtues(CSV) aspect and to draw an improvement of effect personality educational program for prisoner and not prisoner. In this study, we selected 105 people who was diagnosed with antisocial personality disposition tendency among 430 university students, measured character strengths and virtues and Impulsivity and analyzed categorized 3groups depending on character strengths and virtues; strength, regular and weakness. We found that the people who have weak traits in four classes(wisdom and knowledge, Courage, Temperance, and Justice) showed more impulsive. Implications of the findings for application as remediation for prisoner or antisocial personality disorder were discussed.
Callous-unemotional (CU) trait and deviant sexual interest are two important factors underlying juvenile sex crime. We hypothesized that juvenile sex offenders with CU trait have more severe bias effect. This study involved 24 male adolescents who were placed on probation for sex crime and under custody of The Juvenile Protection Education Institution, Seoul, Korea. Based on K-ICU (Korean Inventory Callous-unemotional trait) score, we divided them into high ICU group (K-ICU score above median, N=12) and low ICU group (K-ICU score below median, N=12). Emotion stroop task was designed with DMDX. When different subject stimuli (sex-associated, aggressive, sexually attractive, positive emotional, negative emotional words) and neutral stimuli (neutral words) were presented one by one, the reaction time to tell the color of presented words was measured. In the stroop task using sex-associated words, bias scores (mean reaction time for subject stimulus - mean reaction time for neutral stimulus) was significantly larger in high CU group (57.50; standard deviation[SD], 70.78) than in low CU group (-16.58; SD, 48.07) (P=0.011). There were no significant difference in bias scores between two groups in other subjects stroop task. In conclusion, juvenile sex-offenders with high callous-unemotional traits tend to show selective attention to sex-associated stimuli.