Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a multi-dimensional construct that has been difficult to operationalize using traditional, variable-centered methodologies. This study takes a person-centered approach to the study of SRL in a sample of 1,431 high school students. The purpose of the this study is to examine potential subgroups of self-regulated learners. Using latent profile analysis on self-reports of nine variables of SRL, three profiles were identified: high SRL, low SRL, and average SRL. The largest profile was ‘average SR type’ which were roughly average across all variables. The high SR type was the next largest, and the low SR type was the least prevalent profile observed. High SR type showed high learning motivation and excellent academic ability. They reported high level of academic achievement and spent much more time on their studying. On the other hand, low SR type showed low learning motivation and high negative academic emotions and high learned helplessness. Average SR type reported average level of learning motivation and high test anxiety. Two advantages of the current study over these previous works were the use of LPA and the use of a broader set of SRL variables. These results in this study can help establish the directions for academic counseling or education programs tailored to the characteristics of each type.
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