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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology

Positive-Negative Sex Role Identity and Marital Adjustment: Mediation Effect of Social Support Provision and Efficacy in Marriage

Abstract

This study examined the mediating effects of social support provision for spouse and marital efficacy on the relation between positive-negative sex role identity and marital adjustment. Mail survey was conducted on 376 Japanese married men and women sampled by probability sampling method in ages between 35-65. Data were analyzed in four ways; confirmatory factor analysis, MANOVA, t-test and structural equation model analyses. The results of the study were as follows: First, the construct validity of four factor sex role identity model-Positive Masculinity(PM), Positive Femininity(PF), Negative Masculinity(NM), Negative Femininity(NF)- was high enough. Second, structural equation modeling analysis showed that 1) social support provision and efficacy in marriage were important factors for enhancing marital adjustment, 2) social support provision and marital efficacy were significant positive mediating effects on the relation between PM and marital adjustment, 2) PF had strong positive effects on marital adjustment in direct and indirect ways, 3) NF was negatively correlated with marital efficacy. 4) PM, PF, NM and NF had different impact on social support provision and marital efficacy respectively. Implications of the findings and future directions for research are discussed.

keywords
positive-negative sex role identity, marital adjustment, social support provision for spouse, marital efficacy, positive-negative sex role identity, marital adjustment, social support provision for spouse, marital efficacy, 긍정적-부정적 성역할정체감, 부부관계 적응, 사회적지지 제공, 부부관계 효능감

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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology