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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology

Effects of College Student's Gender Role Characteristics and Familism on Filial Caregiving


This study examined the variables effecting willingness to provide filial caregiving among college students, the future caregivers of our society. 350 students completed questionnaires exploring their willingness to provide filial caregiving, gender role characteristics of communion and agency, familism, and filial piety. The results of this study suggest that there is a gender difference among male and female college students in their willingness to provide filial caregiving. The female students were significantly more willing to provide instrumental and physical care compared to male students. A hierarchical regression revealed that communion(gender role characteristics), filial piety, familism, sex, and number of siblings were predictors of willingness to provide care. In other words, higher familism, filial piety, and communion predicted higher willingness to provide filial care. Additionally female students were more willing than male students to provide filial care. However, gender role characteristics of agency was not a predictive factor. Regression analysis was carried out separately between male and female students. Filial piety and communion were significant predictors of male students' willingness to provide filial caregiving whereas familism, filial piety and communion were significant predictors of female students' willingness to provide filial caregiving. Lastly authors discuss implication and limitations of the current research.

caregiving willingness, gender role characteristics, agency, communion, familism, filial piety, gender difference, caregiving willingness, gender role characteristics, agency, communion, familism, filial piety, gender difference, 부양의지, 성역할 특성, 주도성, 관계성, 가족주의, 효 의식, 성차



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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology