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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology

A Phenomenological research of the Experience of Counselors and Women in Pregnancy Conflict Counseling

Abstract

Pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting are events that can have a fundamental and significant impact on a woman's life. Since the abortion conviction was unconstitutional in April 2019, as demand and interest in the introduction of pregnancy conflict counseling increased, considerations of advanced domestic and overseas cases are being actively conducted. In order to apply this to the domestic situation, it is necessary to grasp the current status of domestic pregnancy and childbirth counseling programs and to expand or supplement them. Therefore, in this study, we conducted Focus Group Interview (FGI) of 29 counselors who are counseling for pregnancy and pregnancy termination at public and private institutions in Korea, and Colaizzi's phenomenological research methods was used to understand the experience of counselors and women. As a result, it was found that the current pregnancy and childbirth counseling practitioners commonly experience “difficulty in continuing cultivation of expertise”, “difficulty in conflicting values”, and “difficulty in connection and cooperation with other institutions”. Women who use the counseling system seem to have experienced “difficulty in making decisions and applying them”, “blind spots within the system”, “request for professional help to ensure anonymity”, and “lack of legal and professional help”. In view of this, it is necessary to establish a national integrated center that will support the ongoing pregnancy counseling system, assist with institutional intervention and linkage, and develop and operate systematic and practical education methods. This research can be used as a basis for preparing a new system.

keywords
termination of pregnancy, pregnancy options counseling, abolition of abortion

The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology