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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology

Mediating Effects of Perfectionism and Self-esteem between Insecure Attachment and Psychological Distress: Testing Gender Differences


This study aimed at testing mediating effects of maladaptive perfectionism and self-esteem in the link between insecure attachment and psychological distress. Another purpose of the study was to examine if the mediational model would differ by gender. Data were collected from 226 college students across two universities (138 females and 88 males). The results from structural equation modeling concerning all participants preferred a partially-mediated model (i.e., a direct effect from insecure attachment to psychological distress along with mediation effects) over a fully-mediated model. A multi-group analysis was conducted to test gender differences for the final structure model. However, at the configural invariance level, it was found that females and males differ in the structure model; a partially-mediated model fit better for the female data, whereas a fully-mediated model explained the male data better. The examination of the path coefficients suggested that the influence of insecure attachment over the other study variables deemed stronger for the female students. The study results were discussed in light of existing theories and previous findings. Implications for considering gender as a significant variable in the treatment interventions were suggested.

불안정 애착, 완벽주의, 자존감, 매개효과, 성차, insecure attachment, perfectionism, self-esteem, mediating effects, gender difference, insecure attachment, perfectionism, self-esteem, mediating effects, gender difference



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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology