바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

실행공동체 사례연구를 통한 공공도서관 역할 변화에 관한 연구

A Study on the Changing Role of Public Libraries by the Case Studies of Community of Practice

한국도서관·정보학회지 / Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society, (P)2466-2542;
2016, v.47 no.4, pp.339-358
https://doi.org/10.16981/kliss.47.4.201612.339
박성우 (광주대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

이 연구는 공공도서관이 지역사회를 실행공동체로 변화시키는데 기여함을 밝히고자 했다. 이를 위해 미국도서관협회의 ‘지역사회를 변화시키는 도서관(LTC)’ 사례를 분석하였다. LTC 프로그램에 참여한 공공도서관들은 사서들이 매개자가 되어 실행공동체를 형성하여 지역사회의 문제를 해결하였다. 이러한 실천을 바탕으로 공공도서관은 도서관에 대한 사람들의 인식도 변화시켰다. 따라서 이 사례들을 통해 공공도서관과 지역사회의 관계가 변화하는 모습을 4단계로 모델링하였고, 그 단계는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 도서관 조직 내 구성원의 역량 강화, 둘째, 도서관 서비스 개선을 위한 사서들의 실행공동체, 셋째, 지역사회 문제의 해결을 위해 협업하는 사서와 지역주민 실행공동체, 넷째, 실행공동체로서의 지역사회이다.

keywords
공공도서관 역할, 실행공동체, 지역사회를 변화시키는 도서관, Role of public library, Community of practice, Libraries transforming communities

Abstract

This study is to demonstrate that public libraries help community to become an active ‘Community of Practice(CoP)’. In order to prove this hypothesis, ‘Libraries Transforming Communities(LTC)’ initiative of American Library Association is analyzed. Public libraries participating in LTC program solved problems of communities through making CoPs by librarians as a catalyst. People’s recognition about public libraries is altered by the problem-solving practice. The followings are 4-level transforming relationship model of public library and community: Leadership Development for Librarian CoPs; Librarian CoPs for improving library services; Community CoPs with library for solving problems; Community as CoP.

keywords
공공도서관 역할, 실행공동체, 지역사회를 변화시키는 도서관, Role of public library, Community of practice, Libraries transforming communities

참고문헌

1.

김미영. 2015. 현대사회에 존재하는 공동체의 여러 형식. 『사회와이론』, 27: 181-218.

2.

박성우. 2015. 공공도서관 다문화 서비스를 위한 상호문화 관점의 수용. 『한국문헌정보학회지』, 49(3): 371-392.

3.

American Library Association 2015 Strategic Plan. <http://www.ala.org/aboutala/sites/ala.org.aboutala/files/content/governance/StrategicPlan/Strategic%20Directions%20June%2028%202015.pdf> [cited 2016. 9. 28].

4.

American Library Association. 2015. Case Studies: Libraries Transforming Communities. <http://www.ala.org/transforminglibraries/transforming-communities/case-studies> [cited 2016. 9. 10].

5.

Belzowski, Nora. F., Parker J Ladwig. and Thurston Miller. 2013. “Crafting Identity, Collaboration, and Relevance for Academic Librarians Using Communities of Practice.” Collaborative Librarianship, 5(1): 3-15.

6.

Broughton, Kelly. 2014. Workforce Transformation: Communities of Practice as Tools for Organizational Change and Self-directed Professional Development. <http://www.arl.org/focus-areas/workforce/workforce-transformation-stories/3382-workforce-transformation-communities-of-practice-as-tools-fororganizational-change-and-self-directed-professional-development#.V6oEBZrr3ct> [cited 2016. 8. 10].

7.

Henrick, Kristin J. and Ramirose Attebury. 2010. “Communities of Practice at an Academic Library: A New Approach to Mentoring at the University of Idaho.”The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 36(2): 158-165.

8.

Kim, Jong-Ae. 2015. “Intergrating communities of practice into library services.”Collaborative Librarianship, 7(2): 47-55.

9.

Koliba, Christopher. and Rebecca Gajda. 2009. ““Communities of Practice” as an Analytical Construct: Implications for Theory and Practice.” Journal of Public Administration, 32: 97-135.

10.

Lave, Jean. and Etienne Wenger. 2010. 『상황 학습: 합법적 주변 참여』. 손민호 옮김. 서울:강현출판사.

11.

Lesser, Eric L. and Larry Prusak. 1999. “Communities of Practice, Social Capital and Organizational Knowledge.” Information System Review: 3-10.

12.

Libraries Transform. <http://www.ala.org/transforminglibraries/> [cited 2016. 11. 13].

13.

Mierke, Jill. 2015. Workforce Transformation: Communities of Practice to Deepen Leadership Practice. <http://www.arl.org/focus-areas/workforce/workforce-transformation -stories/3526-workforce-transformation-communities-of-practice-to-deepen-leadership-practice#.V6oDz5rr3ct> [cited 2016. 8. 10].

14.

Pemberton, Jon., Sharon Mavin and Brenda Stalker. 2007. “Scratching beneath the surface of communities of (mal)practice.” The Learning Organization, 14(1):62-73.

15.

Polderman, Marina., Hans van Duijnhoven. 2014. Community building for public libraries in the 21st century: examples from The Netherlands. <http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/public-libraries/publications/community_building_for_public_libraries_in_the_21st_century_polderman_et_al.pdf> [cited 2016. 7. 28].

16.

Wenger, Etienne C. and William M. Snyder. 2000. “Communities of Practice: The Organizational Frontier.” Harvard Business Review, January-February: 139-145.

17.

Wenger-Trayner, Etienne. and Beverly Wenger-Trayner. 2015. Introduce to communities of practice. <http://wenger-trayner.com/introduction-to-communities-of-practice/> [cited 2016. 11. 11].

18.

Wyk, Johann Van. 2005. “Communities of Practice in an academic library: a run on the wild side?” 5th ICAHIS Conference at Onderstepoort, University of Pretoria, South Africa, 97-102.

19.

Yon, Shukriah Binti Hj. and Geeta Albert. 2013. “Developing Library Professionals: The Influence of Communities of Practice.” presented at IFLA WLIC 2013. Singapore, 1-11.

한국도서관·정보학회지