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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology

Psychological Characteristics of Women Alcoholics according to age -Focused on MMPI-


It was reported that female patients diagnosed with alcohol dependency had more severe psychopathy and psychological problems than male patients diagnosed with alcohol dependency. It was also reported that psychological characteristics of women alcoholics varied between young adult and middle age women and it is clinically identified that young women alcoholics have obvious characteristics than middle or old age. Based on our research there has not been any empirical research or studies performed on identifying psychological characteristics of female alcoholics in korea according to age. Therefore the purpose of this study was to explore the psychological characteristics of female patients diagnosed with alcohol dependency in korea according to age. Our study involved 171 korean women diagnosed with alcohol dependency by means of the DSM-Ⅳ. Psychological methods used were Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Beck's Depression Inventory and Beck's Anxiety Inventory. We analyized the 13 subscales, MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale, and 15 version of korean contents scales in MMPI. Our study showed that the scores of Lie scale and Psychopathic Deviate scale in MMPI were significantly different by age, Depression scale and Hypomania scale in MMPI were not significantly different but some different tendency by age. As a result, the scores of Anger scale and Antisocial practice scale in MMPI contents scale were significantly different by age, Low self-esteem scale and Family problem scale in MMPI contents scale were not significantly different but some different tendency by age. Finally, the clinical meanings and limitations of this study were discussed.

Women alcoholics, age, MMPI, contents scale, 여성 알코올의존자, 연령, MMPI, 내용척도복건복지부의 역학조사(2001)에 의하면 우리나라 알코올의존 및 남용의 평생 유병율은 여성이 6.3%, 남성이 25.2%로 매우 높게 나타났다. 최근에는 여성의 사회 진출이 증가함에 따라 여성 음주가 급증하고 있으며, 여성의 알코올 문제도 심각한 수준에 이르고 있다. 이정균의 역학연구(1987)에서는 알코올성 장애의 남녀 비율이 20:1 정도로 남성이 압도적으로 많은 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 최근, Women alcoholics, age, MMPI, contents scale



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The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology