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디지털 리포지터리의 지속가능한 협력 모델로서 하티트러스트 사례 연구

A Case Study on HathiTrust as a Sustainable Cooperative Modelof Digital Repositories

한국도서관·정보학회지 / Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society, (P)2466-2542;
2016, v.47 no.4, pp.443-464
https://doi.org/10.16981/kliss.47.4.201612.443
이유경 (이화여자대학교 일반대학원 문헌정보학)
성윤아 (Korean Studies Librarian, University of Michigan)
정영미 (동의대학교)
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초록

세계의 많은 기관들은 학술 정보 유통을 위해 디지털 리포지터리들을 구축해왔다. 동시에 디지털 리포지터리들은 증가하는 디지털 자원을 어떻게 장기적으로 보존하고 지속가능한 정보 환경 구축할 것인가의 문제에 직면해 있다. 하티트러스트(HathiTrust) 파트너십은 미국 연구도서관들의 디지털 리포지터리의 지속가능한 협력 모델의 필요성에 의해 시작하여 전 세계의 리포지터리들과의 체결을 통해 점차 확장되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 하티트러스트의 설립배경부터 구축, 운영 및 정책, 현황 및 이용 서비스에 이르는 전반적인 사례와 실질적인 운영 과정 등을 다루었고 또한 하티트러스트의 효과와 앞으로 기대되는 가능성 등을 파트너십 단위 기관의 시각에서 다루고자 하였다. 하티트러스트를 통해 파트너십 기관들은 효과적인 운영 비용, 디지털 콘텐츠의 공동 관리 및 장기 보존, 저작권 관리의 용이성, 접근성 확대 등의 특장점이 있으며, 향후에는 인쇄물의 공동보존서고 운영, 빅데이터 분석 토대 마련 등의 기회를 제공할 것으로 기대된다.

keywords
리포지터리, 디지털도서관, 지속가능성, 하티트러스트, 장기적인 보존, 대학도서관, Digital library, Sustainability, HathiTrust, Long-term preservation, University library

Abstract

A great number of institutions around the world have been building digital repositories to communicate scholarly information. Meanwhile, digital repositories have been struggling with how to preserve increased volume of digital contents for the long term and how to build a sustainable information environment. The HathiTrust partnership was established to meet the need of a sustainable collaborative model of digital repositories in research libraries, mainly in North America, and has been expanded globally by signing with other libraries around the world. This paper is dealt with the establishment, operation and policy, construction status, and user service of the HathiTrust. The results presented in this paper include the benefits and potential opportunities of the HathiTrust as a participating member. Partnership in HathiTrust would allow each member institution to provide more cost-effective operations, shared management and long-term preservation of digital content, ease of copyright management, and increased accessibility. In the future it is expected to provide a shared storage of printed materials and to facilitate a big data research center.

keywords
리포지터리, 디지털도서관, 지속가능성, 하티트러스트, 장기적인 보존, 대학도서관, Digital library, Sustainability, HathiTrust, Long-term preservation, University library

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한국도서관·정보학회지