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대학생의 진로결정과정에서의 Holland 흥미 유형별 내적·맥락적 장벽 요인의 효과모형검증연구

An Examination of Effect Models of Internal Career Barrier and Contextual Barrier on Korean Collage Students' Career Decision- Making Processes According to Holland's Interest Themes

초록

본 연구는 사회인지진로이론을 적용하여 Holland 흥미유형에 따른 한국 대학생의 희망 진로분야의 맥락적 그리고 내적 진로장벽이 진로결정과정에 미치는 영향의 차이를 알아보았다. 이를 위하여 서울 소재 4년제 대학 재학생(N=574명)이 지각하고 있는 맥락적 장벽의 하위요인을 구명하고, Holland의 RIASEC 유형으로 구분한 각각의 진로분야별로 자기효능감, 진로흥미, 진로결정 등의 변인에 진로장벽이 어떤 영향을 미치는지 검증하였다. 그 결과, 한국 대학생들이 지각하는 맥락적 장벽은 ‘물질적 제약’, ‘사회적 영향’, ‘지역 차별’ 등 3개의 하위요인으로 구성되었으며, Holland 유형의 모든 진로분야에서 맥락적 장벽의 지각이 진로결정 변인들에 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 진로분야에 따라 맥락적 장벽의 지각과 자기효능감, 진로흥미, 그리고 진로결정 간의 경로에 차이가 발생하는 것으로 나타났다. 내적 진로장벽과 맥락적 장벽을 진로장벽에 포함시키는 경우에도 Holland 진로유형에 따라 진로결정변인들 간의 관계에 유의미한 차이가 존재하였다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 시사점과 제한점에 대하여 논의하였다.

keywords
Contextual barrier, internal career barrier, Holland's RIASEC themes, Self-efficacy, career interest, career decision, 맥락적 장벽, 내적 진로장벽, Holland RIASEC 진로유형, 자기효능감, 진로흥미, 진로결정

Abstract

The present study examined whether the influence of perceived career barriers, consisting of both internal career and contextual barriers on career-decision making processes would be different according to pursuit of career domains. 574 college students participated in this study in order to better understand the sub-factors of perceived contextual barriers and to examine the differences among career domains as defined by Holland's RIASEC themes. The perceived contextual barrier consisted of 3 sub-factors; material constraints, social influence, and discrimination. Perceived contextual barriers significantly influenced career related variables such as self-efficacy, career interest, and career decisions in all Holland themes but the paths of theses variables differed according to Holland's themes. Examination of the effects of both internal career barriers and contextual career barriers on career decision making processes revealed significant differences among Holland's RIASEC themes. Explanations for unexpected outcomes and suggestions for future research are also discussed.

keywords
Contextual barrier, internal career barrier, Holland's RIASEC themes, Self-efficacy, career interest, career decision, 맥락적 장벽, 내적 진로장벽, Holland RIASEC 진로유형, 자기효능감, 진로흥미, 진로결정

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