바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

메뉴

범죄자들의 영적 안녕 수준이 공격성에 미치는 영향 -부정적 기분조절 기대치의 매개효과를 중심으로-

The Effects of Spirituality on the Aggression Levels of Prisoners-With the Mediation of Negative Mood Regulation Expectancies-

초록

영적 안녕 상태는 일반인들의 삶의 의미나 정서에 긍정적인 영향을 주며 삶의 질을 높인다고 알려져 왔다. 본 연구는 범죄자들을 대상으로 일반인과 마찬가지로 영적 안녕 수준이 공격성에 영향을 미치는지 그리고 부정적 정서조절 기대치가 이 두 변인을 매개하는지 살펴보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 교정시설에 수감 중인 남성 재소자 265명을 대상으로 연구를 진행하였다. 연구결과 범죄자들의 영적 안녕 수준은 공격성에 직접적으로 영향을 미치는 것이 아니라 부정적 정서조절 기대치를 통해 공격성에 영향을 주는 간접영향만 유의미하였다. 즉, 영적 안녕 수준이 높을수록 부정적인 정서를 완화할 수 있다는 신념이 높았으며 이러한 신념이 높을수록 공격성은 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 분석결과에 대해 선행연구와 관련하여 논의하고, 연구의 의의와 한계 및 후속연구를 위한 제언을 제시했다.

keywords
spirituality, prisoners, aggression, negative mood regulation expectancy, 범죄자, 영적 안녕, 부정적 정서조절 기대치, 공격성, spirituality, prisoners, aggression, negative mood regulation expectancy

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of spirituality on the aggressive nature of prisoners and how they are influenced by negative mood regulation expectancies. For the study, 265 male prisoners from Kangwon-Province Jail were studied. Based on the results, our hypothesis, that spirituality does indeed affect prisoners' aggression with the mediation of negative mood regulation, was supported and verified. The direct effect of spirituality was not statistically significant, but indirectly, the effects on the mediation of negative mood regulation expectancies were substantial. Therefore, this study suggests that high levels of spiritual wellbeing regulates and may even control one's negative moods, and as a result, negative mood regulation expectancies could possibly minimize aggression and anger in such people. The results and limitations of this study are discussed in relation to and compared with the results of other similar studies.

keywords
spirituality, prisoners, aggression, negative mood regulation expectancy, 범죄자, 영적 안녕, 부정적 정서조절 기대치, 공격성, spirituality, prisoners, aggression, negative mood regulation expectancy

참고문헌

1.

강은실, (2004) 청소년의 자살의도, 우울, 영적 안녕과의 관계, 정신간호학회지

2.

김미경, (1997) 정서주의력,정서인식의 명확성,부정적 기분조절기대치가 도움추구행동에 미치는 영향,

3.

박지아, (2003) 적응 유연성과 영적 안녕 및 부모애착 간의 관계-적응유연 청소년,위험 청소년,유능 청소년간의 비교-,

4.

서경현 ; 김신섭 ; 박성연, (2007) 고등학생의 영적 안녕과 사회불안, 한국심리학회지: 건강

5.

서경현 ; 정성진 ; 구지현, (2005) 대학생의 영적 안녕과생활 스트레스, 우울, 및 자아존중감, 한국심리학회지: 상담 및 심리치료

6.

서수균, (2002) 한국판 공격성 질문지의 타당성 연구, 한국심리학회지: 임상

7.

신영철, (2005) 성격장애로 인한 상습범죄자의 행동교정프로그램 개발을 위한 연구. 법무부자료 미발표,

8.

워싱턴포스트, (2007) 조승희 병력 비공개가 참극 불렀다” 총기난사 사건. (워싱턴포스트, 2007. 8. 28),

9.

이수정, (1997) TMMS 척도에 대한 타당화 연구, 한국심리학회지: 사회 및 성격

10.

정유희, (2004) 성별, 재범여부, 범죄유형에 따른 범죄자의 NEO-PI-R 반응, 한국심리학회지: 임상

11.

한국일보, (2007) 유영철 검거에서 자백까지(한국일보, 2007. 7. 8),

12.

홍성렬, (2001) 교정에 대한 실존주의 심리학적 접근, 교정연구

13.

홍세희, (2000) 구조방정식 모형의 적합도 지수 선정기준과 그 근거, 한국심리학회지:임상

14.

홍세희, (2001) 구조 방정식 모형의 기초와 응용. 워크샵 교재. Departments of Education and Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara,

15.

American Psychiatric Association, (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association

16.

Bandura, A., (1977) Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change, Psychological Review

17.

Baron, R. M., (1986) The moderator-mediator distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, Strategic, and statical considerations, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

18.

Benson, P. L., (1998) The troubled journey: A profile of American youth, Search Institute

19.

Bogenschneider, K., (1996) Family related prevention programs. Family Relations, 45, 127-138. in J. E. Stevenson (Ed.), Recent research in development psychopathology, Pergamon

20.

Browne, M. W., (1993) Alternative ways of assessing model fit in : Testing structural equation models, Sage

21.

Burkhardt, M. A., (1989) Spirituality: Analysis of the concept, Holistic Nursing Practice

22.

Buss, A. H., (1992) The aggression questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

23.

Catanzaro, S., (2004) Perceived family support; negative mood regulation expectancies, coping, and adolescent alcohol use, Addictive Behaviors

24.

Catanzaro, S., (1990) Measuring generalize expectancies for Negative Mood Regulation: Initial scale development and implications, Journal of Personality Assessment

25.

Ellison, C. W., (1983) Spiritual well-being: Conceptualization and measurement, Journal of Psychology and Theology

26.

Erikson, E. H., (1963) Childhood and society, W. W. Norton and Company

27.

Hill, L., (1985) Self-Care Nursing, Appleton- Century -Crofts

28.

Hu, L. Z., (1999) Cutoff criteria for indexes in covariance structural analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives, Structural Equation Modeling

29.

Johnson, P. E., (1945) Psychology of religion, Abingdon- Cokesbury

30.

Judd, C. M., (1981) Process Analysis: Estimating mediation in treatment evaluations, Evaluation Review

31.

Kirkpatrick, L. A., (1999) Attachment and Religious Representatios and Behavior in : Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and clinical applications, The Guilford Press

32.

Lazarus, R. S., (1984) Stress, appraisal, and coping, Springer

33.

Mearns, J., (2003) Relationships between teacher's occuptional stress and their burnout and distress, Anxiety Stress and Coping

34.

Moberg, D. O., (1974) Spiritual well-being in late life in : Late life: Communities and environment policy, Charles C. Thomas

35.

Morberg, D. O., (1984) Subjective measures of spiritual well-being, Review of Religious Research

36.

Myers, D. G., (1992) The pursuit of happiness, Morrow

37.

Paloutzian, R. F., (1982) Loneliness, spiritual well-being and the guality of life in : Loneliness: a source-book of current theory, research and therapy, John Wiley & Sons

38.

Rottter, J. B., (1966) Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement, Psychological Monograhs

39.

Scotton, B. W., (1996) Textbook of Transpersonal Psychiatry and Psychology, HarperCollins Publisherrs

40.

Seaward, B. L., (1991) Spirituality Well-being: A Health Education Model, Journal of Health Education

41.

Shafranske, E. P., (1990) Clinical psychologists' religious and spiritual orientations and their practice of psychotherapy, Psychotherapy

42.

Stanard, P. S., (2000) Assessment of spirituality in counseling, Journal of Counseling & Development

43.

Stoll, R. I., (1989) The essence of spirituality in : Spiritual dimensions of nursing practice, W. B. Saunders

44.

Ulanov, A., (2002) Winnicott and Spirituality, Paper presented at the meeting of Korea Psychotherapy Institute

45.

Voughan, F., (1986) The inward arc: Healing and wholeness in psychotherapy and spirituality, New Science Library

46.

Walsh, F., (1999) Religion and Spirituality in : Spiritual Resources in Family Therapy, Guilford

47.

Walker, E. A., (2000) Spiritual support in relaiton to community violence exposure, aggressive outcome, and psychological adjustment among inner city young adolescents,

48.

Werner, E. E., (1989) High- risk children in young adulthood: A longitudinal study from birth to 32 years, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

49.

Westgate, C. E., (1996) Spiritual wellness & depression, Journal of Counseling & Development

logo