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The Effect of personality traits on confidence leveland response bias in flight situation awareness


This paper examined the individual differences in confidence and response criterion on situation awareness. Participants completed the big-five personality inventory, the Need for Closure scale, and the unsafe attitude questionnaire followed by a flight situation awareness task designed to assess overconfidence level and response bias. The data obtained were then analyzed using the framework of Calibration and Signal Detection Theory. High level of extraversion and emotional stability predicted overconfidence. In addition, low level of extraversion, conscientiousness, and intellect groups significantly showed more conservative response criterion. The implication of these results are discussed in terms of pilot training.

situation awareness, confidence, calibration, signal detection theory, response bias, situation awareness, confidence, calibration, signal detection theory, response bias, 상황인식, 확신, 보정, 신호탐지이론, 반응편향수행자의 잘못된 판단과 의사결정은 많은 인적 오류에 의한 사고 발생에 결정적인 역할을 한다. 비행 상황에서도 조종사의 판단과 의사결정 능력은 임무수행의 수준뿐만 아니라 비행안전에 결정적인 역할을 하며, 실제로 조종사는 인지활동의 많은 부분을 많은 양의 다양한 정보를 고려하여 그 정보들이 의미하는 바를 결정하고 가장 적합한 행위와 절차를 선택하는 의사결정에 사용한다. 여기서 의사결정에 사용되는 정보



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