ISSN : 1225-598X
The purpose of this study is to analyze how library visitors use spaces in the library and to make suggestions for improving library use environments. Library use patterns were analyzed by tracking the users’ smartphone WiFi. A library located in Seoul, Korea was selected and detectors were installed in the library. The suggestions from the results analyzing data collected between September, 2016 and December, 2016 were as followed. 27.17% of library visitors used a space in the library. Among them, 28.69% used the lobby to return their checked-out materials. Therefore, the library is recommended to install a device in the area in which users are easy to return their items. Additionally, since the spatial relationship between cultural program room and book shelves was low, those programs might be improved by providing library materials related with them.
The purpose of this study is to longitudinally analyze impact factors on library use. One of library use indicators, the number of circulated books was statistically analyzed with latent growth model and growth mixture model. Library data from 2014 to 2019 were collected from the National Library Statistics System, and 846 public libraries were analyzed. As results, the number of circulated books were decreased, but it was tempered. Next, with controlling the factor affecting the dependent variable, the size of collection and the number of participants in reading programs provided by public libraries were statistically significant. Lastly, 5 classes were identified by applying the growth mixture model, and the number of librarians was significantly associated with trajectory class membership.
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the quality attributes of archival information service affecting user satisfaction. The independent variables in this study were equality, tangibles(appearance), convenience, responsiveness, empathy. And the dependent variable was a user satisfaction. The survey was conducted by online and offline for 78 people that used the archival information service. To solve the research question, we used the descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis. As a correlation analysis result, the quality attributes of archival information service had positive correlation with a user satisfaction. And as a multiple regression analysis result, tangibles(appearance) had a significant effect, followed by empathy and convenience. For improving on quality of archival information service, it is required that improving facilities, keeping environment clean, enhancing empathy ability, updating the information of archive, reforming search tools.
Information extraction can facilitate the intensive analysis of documents by providing semantic triples which consist of named entities and their relations recognized in the texts. However, most of the research so far has been carried out separately for named entity recognition and relation extraction as individual studies, and as a result, the effective performance evaluation of the entire information extraction systems was not performed properly. This paper introduces two models of end-to-end information extraction that can extract various entity names in clinical records and their relationships in the form of semantic triples, namely pipeline and joint models and compares their performances in depth. The pipeline model consists of an entity recognition sub-system based on bidirectional GRU-CRFs and a relation extraction module using multiple encoding scheme, whereas the joint model was implemented with a single bidirectional GRU-CRFs equipped with multi-head labeling method. In the experiments using i2b2/VA 2010, the performance of the pipeline model was 5.5% (F-measure) higher. In addition, through a comparative experiment with existing state-of-the-art systems using large-scale neural language models and manually constructed features, the objective performance level of the end-to-end models implemented in this paper could be identified properly.
The purpose of this study is to present a guide for the development of research data management education programs for researchers affiliated with domestic universities and research institutions. In order to present the relevant program guide, first, we investigated and analyzed educational programs for overseas research data management. The educational programs studied and analyzed are RDMRose, RDMLA, DataONE, Digital Research Alliance of Canada, NNLM, PARTHENOS and Coursera. In addition, in order to confirm the appropriateness of the education program, it was reviewed through the detailed competency of data literacy researched in Korea. As a result of the review, most of the detailed competencies for data literacy were satisfied. Finally, a program guide for researchers was presented by synthesizing the research data management education programs that were investigated and analyzed. The results of this study will help develop research data management education programs that can systematically support and activate researchers belonging to universities and institutions.
The research was undertaken to explore the role of the public library as a public sphere. For this, the characteristics and meanings of the library’s role were examined by analyzing the public spheres operated by the public library. Data were collected through interviews with librarians at Seongbuk Public Libraries in Seoul. Data collected were coded using NVivo for thematic analysis. As a result of the study, the characteristics and meanings of the library’s role in the public sphere were identified in the following five types; 1) A place for meeting, communication and interaction of citizens, 2) Supporting citizen learning and growth through information services and discussion on the subject, 3) Expanding civic participation in the community and strengthen civic power, 4) Strengthening citizens’ experience of democracy, 5) Improving citizens’ perception of libraries and expanding the library’s influence on citizens. In particular, it was found that information services enhance citizen interaction and spread of public opinion on the agenda. The results of this study can be used as a basis for developing and supporting libraries as community public spheres.
In the recent cataloging environment, the function of authority data is becoming more important. In Korea, a pilot project for sharing and joint use of the national authority data has been promoted since 2019, and a plan to automatically construct retrospective authority data using national authorities is in progress. This study aims to (1) analyze the results of the pilot project for retrospective authority data jointly promoted by the National Library of Korea and KERIS in 2019, (2) explore methodological limitations and problems in the process, and (3) derive policy proposals for constructing authority data more efficiently. To this end, a university library participating in the pilot project was investigated as a case study. Based on it, the automatic generation rate and accuracy of authority data, and errors and omissions cases and causes were analyzed in detail. As a results of the study, it was found that the quality of union catalogs and bibliographic records had a great influence on automatically constructing authority data, and supplementary methods were needed to minimize these limitations.
As a private school and a library in the Enlightenment Period of Korea, Woo-Hyun Seoru(友弦書樓) was established between 1904 - March 1905 by Lee, Dong Jin who had a will and provided a economic support for it and his son Lee, Il Woo had founded and operated it and it seemed to be closed in 1911. By this time, Woo-Hyun Seoru has been underestimated or ignored in the history of libraries in Korea. This study tried to investigate 8 aspects of Woo-Hyun Seoru as a modern library including the subject and purpose of establishment, the date of establishment, the location and buildings, the collection development and the acquisition methods, the user group and the important users, the library activities, the process of closure, and the moving path of the collections after the closure of Woo-Hyun Seoru. To do this, the articles of newspaper, periodicals, and academic journals, the relating documents and Sung Nam Se Go(城南世稿) written by Dong Jin Lee, Il Woo Lee and their descendants and colleagues were analyzed.
The purpose of this study is to develop and present a model that can evaluate the data maturity of library. To achieve this goal, library data maturity model can be applied to library was designed by analyzing previous studies related to data maturity. As a result of this study, proposed data maturity model consisting of 19 evaluation factors in 5 areas was designed, and the maturity level was set to 5 levels. In the future, it will be possible to measure the data maturity of libraries participating in the library big data project using the data maturity evaluation model, and it can be expected that in the long term, it will be possible to present a direction for data-based library operation and data utilization development.
Drawing on Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system, the study explored the effect of the ecological variables affecting library satisfaction for mothers of early school-age children. The study used the eighth wave(2015) of Panel Study on Korean Children and conducted correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, hierarchical regression analysis, and stepwise regression analysis. Researchers selected ecological variables for each ecological system based on previous studies. Results showed that mothers had moderate satisfaction with libraries, and their satisfaction with libraries was affected by library accessibility, satisfaction with public services, type of residence, children’s reading time, and supportiveness of parenting policy. The study showed that external factors such as family, community, and policies could affect library satisfaction along with internal factors in the sociocultural context. The study suggested a possible practical implication for library policy.
In this study, the factors of major satisfaction(curricular satisfaction, class satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, cognitive satisfaction, and general satisfaction factors) which influence the employment preparation behaviors were identified by conducting a survey of female college students of the department of library and information science, and whether the feeling of employment efficacy had a moderating effect on the relationship between the the major satisfaction and the employment preparation behaviors were verified. The research results are as follows. First, curricular satisfaction(C.R.=3.847, p<0.001), class satisfaction(C.R.=3.244, p<0.01), relationship satisfaction(C.R.=3.045, p<0.01), and cognitive satisfaction(C.R.=2.464, p<0.05) factors turned out to have a significant positive(+) effect on the employment behaviors of female college students of the department of library and information science. Second, the moderating effect between the high group and the low group in terms of employment efficacy turned out to have a statistically significant moderating effect as the p value was less than 0.05, p = .040. The results of this study may be used as the useful basic data to not only improve the employment rate for the department of library and information science of community colleges in Korea, but also to prepare for the rapidly declining school-age population and the Institutional Accreditation.
This study was carried out to survey and analyze the actual state of reading in Goyang citizens, and to utilize it as a base data for Goyang City’s 2nd ‘Reading Culture Promotion Plan’. To do this, including references related to reading survey and the 2021 National Reading Survey questionnaire survey questions, the questionnaires that reflected characteristics of adult and student respondents constructed. Then, the survey of 960 adults and 540 students in Goyang City conducted and analyzed the results, and several useful suggestions deduced for ‘Goyang City Reading Culture Promotion Plan’. First, the category of reading materials have to be expanded from the paper media to the various media. Second, the expandation of collections in libraries and the services that will help actually buy books are necessary. Third, various reading programs should develop, and the opportunities for citizens to participate in reading and club activities through online should also be increased. Fourth, the facilities and service environments for activating reading should ensure that the accessibility of everyday life. Finally, among the existing reading culture promotion projects, the ‘smart libraries’, ‘Inter-library loan services’, ‘reading and cultural programs management’, and ‘Goyang Book Pay’ projects need to be sustained and expanded. This study is significant in that it has investigated the actual reading situation of real citizens and has converged the opinions necessary for setting the direction of the effective ‘Goyang City reading culture promotion plan’.
As awareness of social and environmental issues increases due to the gust of ESG management, interest in ESG management is increasing, and the influence of ESG evaluation is getting stronger, and libraries need to participate in ESG management evaluation. In order to apply ESG management to libraries, library ESG evaluation indicators must be developed. Therefore, this study attempted to comprehensively examine ESG management evaluation indicators of public institutions, including companies, and propose ESG management evaluation indicators applicable to libraries. To this end, it went through the process of investigating and analyzing ESG-related prior research, deriving preliminary evaluation indicators for libraries, collecting expert FGI opinions, developing primary library ESG evaluation indicators based on expert FGI opinions, and) examining the suitability of primary library ESG evaluation indicators. Finally, a total of 25 items were selected in the environmental area, a total of 56 items in the social area, and a total of 32 items in the governance area. In future studies, it is necessary to conduct ESG management evaluation for libraries based on this indicator.
In response to the changing needs of users and library services, there is a need to develop a library information science curriculum that reflects such change and to foster competent librarians. Recent studies abroad have emphasized the need for librarians who can apply design thinking methods which is a problem-solving methodology that expansively explores various alternatives and derives results, in response to recent changes and problems occurring in libraries. In this study, in order to understand how design thinking methods can be taught and to understand the perceptions of the students and librarians involved in the course, a case study is conducted of a class that applied design thinking methods and students and librarians have been interviewed who had experience participating in the class. By reflecting on the needs of students and librarians’, this study explored new directions of what forms courses can take for future librarians. Based on the results of the analysis, among the different characteristics of design thinking, the value of cooperation, problem-solving ability, flexibility and iteration of design characteristics was considered as the value of a class for LIS students and librarians where design thinking methods were applied. From the findings, the research suggests future directions of creating more structured courses that involve an element of design thinking.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of academic journals and scholarly events published and operated by the four major academic societies in library and information science (Korean Library and Information Science Society, Korean Society for Library and Information Science, Korean Biblia Society for Library and Information Science, and Korea Society for Information Management). An online survey was carried out to know the members’ perceptions of journals’ quality, number, review process, publication/distribution, readership, practicality, interdisciplinarity, internationalization, and differentiation. In addition, the reasons for participation and non-participation in scholarly events, the degree of achievement of the purpose, differentiation between scholarly events, and ways to revitalize joint academic conferences were examined. A total of 197 members of the four societies completed the survey. The findings showed that the overall quality of the four journals was good, but they still needed to be improved in the review process, publication and distribution, readership, practicality, and internationalization. Strategies to specialize each journal needed to be considered as well. To revitalize scholarly events, large-scale joint academic conferences can be organized to encourage the participation of researchers and practitioners, considering both academic and social aspects of research and practice. This study mainly reported the results of the online survey. Also, it shed light on the suggestions to improve the academic journals and scholarly events in the field of library and information science based on the findings from the case studies of international academic journals and events as well as the group discussions and feedback from the participants at the joint conferenece held in December 2022.
This study aims to discuss the necessity of providing welfare service information in public libraries, and to seek methods to efficiently collect, select, and provide welfare information. To conduct the research, literature review, case study, survey, and interview were conducted. It was revealed that 86.7% of the research participants agreed with the provision of welfare information in public libraries. Welfare information can be divided into four types according to the subject of production. The collection and selection of welfare information differs according to the four types of the information. Libraries provide welfare information with different components of the information depending on the types of the information and libraries. Welfare information is provided through the library homepage, and in this case, welfare information is posted on the homepage using the form of a web page and a bulletin board.
A small library can be used as a place of cultural communication and educational experience for members of the local community that can fill the gaps of public libraries. In this study, the motives of users of small libraries were investigated. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 45 users of small libraries, and their perceptions from their experiences were classified into four categories, ‘attention’, ‘relevance’, ‘confidence’, and ‘satisfaction’, and each factor was investigated. Small libraries showed that effective analysis, management, and design of factors related to the four motive classifications could further improve the opportunities of local community residents to find small libraries.
This study aims to check whether e-book purchase contracts have sufficient requirements to serve as legal basis for e-book lending outside the library, and also to understand the current status and characteristics of the library’s e-book purchase contracts. To this end, the legal and technical environment related to e-book lending was reviewed, and the elements that must be included in the license contract were summarized as the legal basis for e-book lending. Based on this, it was analyzed whether these requirements were properly reflected in actual contract cases. For three years from 2020 to 2022, the actual 43 contracts that were bid through the Korea On-line E-Procurement System were inspected, and then problems were pointed out, and improvement measures were proposed.
As ISNI spreads, the process and utilization method of authority control that identifies and links individual or group names is also expanding. In this study, the characteristics of the connection and utilization of ISNI and national authorities in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany were derived, and a plan to improve the connection and utilization of national authorities and ISNI was presented, focusing on the National Library of Korea. Focusing on major countries actively participating in the establishment and utilization of ISNI since its founding, national authorities and ISNI linkage methods and ISNI data used in services were analyzed. The implications of this study for the linkage and convergence of national authority and ISNI data were: first, applying ISNI to support authority work, second, establishing a close cooperation system with the publishing community, and third, establishing infrastructure for linking ISNI and authority records at the national level, and finally, providing user service pages based on authority data.