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대학생의 성인애착과 SNS중독경향성의 관계: 기본 심리욕구 만족과 소외에 대한 두려움의 역할

The Relationship Between Adult Attachment and SNS Addiction Proneness Among University Students: The Roles of Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Fear of Missing Out

초록

본 연구에서는 성인애착(애착회피, 애착불안)과 사회관계망서비스(Social Network Service: SNS) 중독경향성의 관계에서 기본 심리욕구 만족과 소외에 대한 두려움(Fear of Missing Out: FOMO)이 어떤 역할을 하는지를 확인하였다. 이를 위해 SNS를 사용하고, 국내 소재 4년제 대학교에 재학 중인 대학생 322명을 대상으로 모형의 적합도를 검증하였다. 그 결과, 본 연구의 최종 모형은 수집한 자료에 적합하였고, SNS중독경향성 변량의 약 43%를 설명하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 성인애착(회피, 불안)과 기본 심리욕구 만족에서 SNS중독경향성에 이르는 직접 경로를 제외한 모든 가설적 경로가 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 간접 경로의 경우, FOMO는 성인애착(애착회피, 애착불안)과 SNS중독경향성의 관계를 완전 매개하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 애착불안과 SNS중독경향성의 관계를 기본 심리욕구 만족과 FOMO가 매개한 간접 경로는 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 한편, 애착회피와 FOMO의 관계에서 기본 심리욕구 만족의 억제효과가 시사되었다. 본 연구 결과를 바탕으로 상담 실제에서의 시사점과 후속 연구를 위한 제언을 논하였다.

keywords
성인애착, 기본 심리욕구 만족, 소외에 대한 두려움(FOMO), SNS중독경향성, 매개효과, 억제효과, adult attachment, basic psychological needs satisfaction, fear of missing out, SNS addiction proneness, mediation effect, suppression effect

Abstract

This study examined the role of basic psychological needs satisfaction and fear of missing out (FOMO) in the relationship between adult attachment (i.e., anxiety, avoidance) and Social Networking Service (SNS) addiction proneness. A total of 322 undergraduate SNS users participated. Results indicated that the final model had a good fit and explained 43% of the variance in the SNS addiction proneness. All hypothesized direct paths were significant except those between adult attachment and basic psychological needs satisfaction and the SNS addiction proneness. FOMO fully mediated the relationships between adult attachment and the SNS addiction proneness. The link between attachment anxiety and SNS addiction proneness was fully mediated by basic psychological needs satisfaction and FOMO. These results suggest that basic psychological needs satisfaction had a suppressor effect on the relationship between attachment avoidance and FOMO. Implications for counseling and future research on SNS addiction proneness are discussed.

keywords
성인애착, 기본 심리욕구 만족, 소외에 대한 두려움(FOMO), SNS중독경향성, 매개효과, 억제효과, adult attachment, basic psychological needs satisfaction, fear of missing out, SNS addiction proneness, mediation effect, suppression effect

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