1.02 KCI Impact Factor(2019)
2002 - 2023Available
15papers in this issue.
In ancient Egypt, temples were not only religious sanctuaries but also community centers. One of the core spaces created in the temple is the facility where priests and scribes copied and preserved texts on papyrus and other media. Its common designation was ‘pr-mḏ’(House of Books) and the ‘per-(nw)-seshw’(House of Scrolls). The general term used during that time was ‘Per Ankh’, and the modern term for it is ‘temple library’. Therefore, this study first identified the character and identity of the Per Ankh attached to the temple, and then traced whether it is appropriate to designate ‘healing place of the souls’ depicted on the hypostyle hall(Per Ankh) in the Ramesseum(mortuary temple) built by Ramses II of the New Kingdom as a library. As a result, Per Ankh, a hieroglyph combining the Per(house) and Ankh(life), was revealed to be a multi-purpose complex facility consisting of a learning and research center, a treatment and healing center with medical facilities and sanatoriums, a religious ceremony and a center for the celebration of eternal life, a scriptorium and a library. Therefore, the traditional argument that Per Ankh refers to a library cannot be justified. In the same context, the inscription ‘Ψυχῆς ἰατρεῖον’ on the doorplate of the hypostyle hall of the Ramesseum, which was first introduced by Greek historian Hecataeus of Miletus in the 4th century BC, was translated into Latin as ‘Psychēs Iatreion’ by Diodorus Siculus in the 1st century BC and described as the motto of the sacred library. However, Psyche is the goddess of Greek and Roman mythology, and Iatreion means hospital(clinic, healing center) and pharmacy, so Per Ankh in the Ramesseum is a space to heal the soul of the pharaoh (Ka). Therefore, ‘Psychēs Iatreion = library’ is a distortion and a mistranslation. It is not the motto of the library, but a metaphor for the Per Ankh.
Library collaboration instruction (LCI) is a process in which a classroom teacher and librarian collaborate to co-planning, co-implementation, co-assessment instruction. LCI is being studied and modeled in various dimensions such as the level of collaboration, information activities, and time scheduling. However, there is no integrated model that comprehensively covers teacher and librarian collaboration. The purpose of this study is to propose a schematic integration model for LCI by comparing and analyzing various models in five dimensions (level of collaboration, information activities, collaborative approach, time scheduling, and technological integration). The main results of the integration model for LCI reflected in this study are as follows. First, in terms of the level of collaboration, TLC integration model reflected such as library-based teacher-led instruction, cross-curricular integrated curriculum. Second, in terms of information activities, LCI integration model reflected social and science subjects inquiry activities in addition to the information use process. Third, in terms of collaborative approach, LCI integration model is divided into such as lead-observation instruction and parallel station instruction. Fourth, in terms of time management, LCI integration model took into account the Korean national curriculum and scheduling methods. Fifth, in terms of technology integration, LCI integration model reflected the PICRAT model, modified from the perspective of library collaboration instruction.
This study aimed to establish the 2nd Comprehensive Library Development Plan (2024~2028) for Chungnam Library as a metropolitan representative library to enhance the quality of life for the province’s residents through library service development and provide comprehensive and systematic support for public libraries in the province. To achieve this, a diagnosis and analysis of libraries in Chungcheongnam-do, an analysis of the policy environment in Chungcheongnam-do, and a future policy environment outlook for libraries were conducted. Ultimately, the study proposed the mission, vision, goals, implementation strategies, and action plans for the 2nd Comprehensive Library Development Plan for Chungcheongnam-do. Firstly, the mission was proposed as “Leading the future ‘knowledge and cultural values’ by embracing the people of Chungcheongnam-do.” Secondly, the vision was suggested as “An inclusive space that leads the knowledge and culture of the future.” The goals include: 1) Creating an inclusive library environment accessible to everyone, 2) Providing library services that embrace the community, 3) Operating the library to realize knowledge and cultural values, 4) Developing library infrastructure to lead the future, and 5) Strengthening community exchange and cooperation networks.
This study investigated the overall perceptions of pre-service school librarian teacher on the current education practicum through semi-structured in-depth interviews and suggested improvements to the educational practicum system. For this purpose, interview data were collected from 28 pre-service school librarian teacher (6 teachers’ colleges, 14 taking teaching qualification courses, and 8 graduate school of education) who participated in educational practicum in school libraries, and a research method that combines qualitative analysis techniques with text network analysis was applied. The results of the study showed that pre-service school librarian teacher believe that educational practicum can prepare them for various field experiences and cultivate their ability to cope with situations they will encounter in the future. Through qualitative inquiry, we were able to identify their perceptions of school field practicum as a whole, their perceptions of the school field practicum, and their perceptions of educational service activities. Based on this, to improve the current problems of educational practice, we suggested expanding the period of school internship program, distributing the time, establishing a full-time practice system, having continuous discussions with field teachers, and developing a systematic school field practicum.
The purpose of this study is to develop descriptive metadata elements of contents of oral history records. First, the meaning of contents in transcripts and detailed interview lists, as well as the characteristics of metadata for oral history records, were examined. Second, elements related contents of domestic and international oral history metadata were compared to identify 18 elements, then streamlined 12 elements were set by removing duplicates. Third, 12 elements were compared with detailed interview lists based on transcripts of 6 interviewees who had interviews on knit business in Haebangchon. The result of this study discovered 1 additional element that designated as ‘basic’ and these were further categorized into 15 element of ‘enhanced’. These elements are expected to contribute to expanding the scope of utilization of oral history records by supporting the structure and expression of that contents.
This study endeavors to delineate the essential components of digital preservation policies requisite for data repositories. Drawing from an examination of digital preservation policies from data repositories accredited by CoreTrustSeal in 2023, this study unveils the pivotal components intrinsic to a digital preservation policy framework, subsequently elucidating the content each component encompasses. The proffered framework is anticipated to serve as a foundational reference for institutions aiming to craft their digital preservation policies, transcending the confines of those solely pursuing CoreTrustSeal certification, to encompass both domestic and international institutions irrespective of their intent to seek CoreTrustSeal certification.
This study was conducted to review the feasibility of establishing a joint preservation library centered on the Chungcheongbuk-do Office of Education. To achieve this, a survey and perception survey were conducted. The research results suggest the following: Firstly, the functions of the Chungcheongbuk-do Office of Education joint preservation library should focus on the preservation of valuable materials, the development of Chungcheongbuk-do educational and school-specialized materials, and prioritizing the digitalization of important transferred materials and providing services to the general public. Secondly, when determining the criteria for materials to be transferred in the future, priority should be given to materials that require preservation in their original form and those that need media conversion. Thirdly, when considering the types of materials to be transferred in the future, the operational plan should primarily focus on monographs but also consider other types of materials. Fourthly, regarding ownership rights of materials during the transfer process, it is advisable to establish detailed transfer guidelines, including ownership rights, through discussions between the Chungcheongbuk-do Office of Education and individual libraries via the Joint Preservation Library Operating Committee.
This research is a case study of ‘Seattle Reads’, which launched in 1998 and has become the prototype of ‘One Book, One City’ Community Reading Promotion Campaign. The purpose of this research is to comprehend further the current state and future goals of ‘Seattle Reads’ as a typical ‘One Book’ program by documenting the characteristics of the ‘One Book’s selected for the past 25 years and their related events and activities. ‘Seattle Reads’ presented the model of ‘One Book’ program, which consists of the selection of ‘One Book’ for adult readers, its reading and discussion, and a variety of events and activities in the community. This analysis of ‘Seattle Reads’ demonstrates the continuity, consistency, self-reliance, and independence of a ‘One Book’ program, by reading and talking about ‘One Book’ by authors with diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds, and trying to understand and integrate differences among people in the community.
In this study, a research model was designed and verified in order to determine whether the communication styles of public library managers affect employees’ empowerment, job satisfaction, and life satisfaction. A survey was conducted among employees of four public libraries in the Gyeonggi region and 24 libraries in Seoul, and 229 valid responses were analyzed. The analysis revealed that authoritative communication style influenced employees’ job satisfaction, while social communication style influenced their empowerment. Additionally, employees’ empowerment impacted their job satisfaction, which in turn affected their life satisfaction. This implies that job satisfaction and life satisfaction of the employees can be achieved after communication and empowerment were well established within the organization. This study is meaningful in suggesting an effective management direction for strengthening the essence and foundation of public libraries by examining the theoretical significance and implications of the research result. This study also suggested that in the future, another research should be conducted based on a variety of characteristics by integrating the different communication styles of researchers.
In order to embrace open research commons, this study looked at the requirements that researchers have for research data platforms. A survey questionnaire was developed using the results of Australian ARDC and European EOSC case studies. The questionnaire addressed five main areas: the need for research data commons, analysis tools, computing resources, consumption of research data, and general respondent characteristics. To determine the requirements for research data platforms, an analysis was conducted on the responses provided by 550 potential platform users. The findings demonstrated that more than 85% of participants concurred on the significance of open research commons. Additionally, there was a high willingness to use research data (77%), analysis tools (84%), share research data (92%), analysis tools (93%), and computing resources (93%) if commons services were provided. The results of this study show that there is a significant demand for open research commons among researchers. Discussions on research data commons are still hard to come by in Korea’s research data services sector, though. Research on a range of subjects, such as subject areas, stakeholder characteristics, and real users of commons platforms, need be conducted in the future.
It is essential to have adequate legal regulations to achieve the policy objectives in libraries. This study aims to analyze the structure and critical amendments of the Library Act (Law No. 18547), which was comprehensively revised on December 7, 2021 and has been in effect since December 8, 2022. This analysis examines the normative validity and effectiveness from a policy legislation perspective. As a fundamental law, we explore whether the Library Law possesses legal validity and can contribute to achieving policy objectives by elevating the societal value and qualitative improvement of libraries from an effectiveness standpoint. The analysis results suggest proposing enhancements to the content of objectives and fundamental principles, specifying the responsibilities of the state and local authorities, improving the library policy system, and enhancing the substantial influence of the National Library Commission.
This study aims to find an efficient establishment and operation of a gallery in public libraries. A literature review, field case study, and interview method were used. 15 public library galleries in 5 regions in Korea and 11 public library galleries in 11 cities in 3 countries were examined. 22 people were interviewed and 21 (95.5%) of them claimed that a gallery needs to be operated in a public library. The result of the analysis proposes the followings for an efficient establishment and operation of a gallery in public libraries: firstly, employing an art gallery curator according to the library’s situation. Secondly, establishing a gallery of at least 55㎡ in size. Thirdly, allocating an appropriate budget. Fourthly, if possible, gallery rental requests are reviewed by external experts and a gallery needs to be rented out to the public free of charge. Fifthly, having an operating manual or a regulation. Sixthly, a gallery should be operated directly by the library.
Sharing and reusing data has become essential. Data repositories are a key tool for sharing and reusing this data. The purpose of this study is to propose the service of EcoBank, which is being built and operated by the National Institute of Ecology. To achieve the research purpose, 10 out of 123 foreign data repositories in the field of ecology registered on re3data.org were selected, investigated, and analyzed. As a result of the analysis, three services were derived in common. The three services consist of first, research data policy, second, research data quality review, and research data management training and workshops. Here, in order to share EcoBank’s global data, it is necessary to register with a data repository registry such as re3data.org, and it is proposed that certification be promoted to ensure the reliability and quality of the repository.
This study attempted to explore the characteristics of knowledge communication and investigate important research topics and key authors by analyzing major academic papers in the field of LIS in Korea for five years from 2018 to 2022. The research method collected and analyzed papers published for five years in four key journals in the field of domestic Library and Information Science from the Korean Citation Index (KCI) database. The paper was selected to extract the author data of the paper and the data of the reference, and network visualization was performed by conducting literature co-citation analysis and author co-citation analysis using Netminer. As a result of the analysis, it was possible to derive a pair of co-citations between authors, and it was confirmed that it is important to include multiple authors in the intellectual structure analysis in the academic field through co-citation frequency analysis among researchers. The literature confirmed the correlation between the topics of the paper, and it was found that research related to Library and Information Science was centered on the topics of library, digital, user, service, and data.
This study investigates user behavior in library spaces through the lens of AI camera analytics. By leveraging the face recognition and tracking capabilities of AI cameras, we accurately identified the gender and age of visitors and meticulously collected video data to track their movements. Our findings revealed that female users slightly outnumbered male users and the dominant age group was individuals in their 30s. User visits peaked between Tuesday to Friday, with the highest footfall recorded between 14:00 and 15:00 pm, while visits decreased over the weekend. Most visitors utilized one or two specific spaces, frequently consulting the information desk for inquiries, checking out/returning items, or using the rest area for relaxation. The library stacks were used approximately twice as much as they were avoided. The most frequented subject areas were Philosophy(100), Religion(200), Social Sciences(300), Science(400), Technology(500), and Literature(800), with Literature(800) and Religion(200) displaying the most intersections with other areas. By categorizing users into five clusters based on space utilization patterns, we discerned varying objectives and subject interests, providing insights for future library service enhancements. Moreover, the study underscores the need to address the associated costs and privacy concerns when considering the broader application of AI camera analytics in library settings.