바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

ACOMS+ 및 학술지 리포지터리 설명회

  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

logo

과제와 무관한 색의 통일성이 순간적 주의 상실에 미치는 영향

The Effects of Task-irrelevant Color Uniformity in Attentional Blink

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2012, v.24 no.3, pp.281-293
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2012.24.3.005
김장진 (연세대학교)
김민식 (연세대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

Abstract

In searching for targets among a rapidly presented stream of distractors, correct identification for the first target impairs the detection of the following one appearing within a half second after the first one appeared: the attentional blink (AB). Di Lollo and his colleagues (2005) proposed that temporary loss of control of the exogenously-triggered input filter explained the AB: They showed that AB was apparent when a nontarget category item was put in the target string, but diminished when the target string consisted of the same category items. We examined whether the AB effect is also affected by disrupting the uniformity of the online-established, task-irrelevant dimension. In the current study, we manipulated the uniformity of the task-relevant, target-defining dimension (category), following the previous study by Di Lollo et al. as well as the uniformity of the instantly obtained, task-irrelevant dimension (color). The results showed that both task-relevant and task-irrelevant uniformity modulated the AB effects. However, the results also showed that task-relevant category uniformity majorly determined the AB effects and task-irrelevant color uniformity was not able to reduce AB when category uniformity was disrupted.

keywords
attentional blink (AB), temporal visual process, category uniformity, perceptual uniformity, task-irrelevancy, 순간적 주의 상실, 시간적 시각 처리, 범주 일률성, 색 일률성, 과제 무관성

참고문헌

1.

Brainard, D. H. (1997). The Psychophysics Toolbox. Spatial Vision, 10(4), 433-436.

2.

Chun, M. M., & Potter, M. C. (1995). A two-stage model for multiple target detection in rapid serial visual presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21(1), 109-127.

3.

Dell'Acqua, R., Jolicoeur, P., Luria, R., & Pluchino, P. (2009). Reevaluating encoding-capacity limitations as a cause of the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35(2), 338-351.

4.

Di Lollo, V., Kawahara, J., Shahab Ghorashi, S. M., & Enns, J. T. (2005). The attentional blink: resource depletion or temporary loss of control? Psychological Research, 69(3), 191-200.

5.

Duncan, J. (1984). Selective attention and the organization of visual information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 113(4), 501-517.

6.

Dux, P. E., & Coltheart, V. (2005). The meaning of the mask matters: evidence of conceptual interference in the attentional blink. Psychological Science, 16(10), 775-779.

7.

Egly, R., Driver, J., & Rafal, R. D. (1994). Shifting visual attention between objects and locations: evidence from normal and parietal lesion subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 123(2), 161-177.

8.

Johnston, S., Linden, D. E., & Shapiro K. L. (2012). Functional imaging reveals working memory and attention interact to produce the attentional blink. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(1), 28-38.

9.

Kim, M. S., & Cave, K. R. (1999). Grouping effects on spatial attention in visual search. Journal of General Psychology, 126(4), 326-352.

10.

Luck, S. J., Vogel, E. K., & Shapiro, K. L. (1996). Word meanings can be accessed but not reported during the attentional blink. Nature, 383(6601), 616-618.

11.

Monsell, S. (2003). Task switching. Trendsin Cognitive Sciences, 7(3), 134-140.

12.

Olivers, C. N. L., Hulleman, J., Spalek, T., Kawahara, J., & Di Lollo, V. (2011). The sparing is far from spurious: Reevaluating within-trial contigency effects in the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(2), 396-408.

13.

Pincham, H., & Szucs, D. (2012). Target cueing provides support for target-and resource- based models of the attentional blink. PLoSONE, 7(5), 1-13.

14.

Raymond, J. E., Shapiro, K. L., & Arnell, K. M. (1992). Temporary suppression of visual processing in an RSVP task: an attentional blink? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18(3), 849-860.

15.

Raymond, J. E., Shapiro, K. L., & Arnell, K. M. (1995). Similarity determines the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21(3), 653-662.

16.

Shapiro, K. L., Arnell, K. M., & Raymond, J. E. (1997). The attentional blink. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1(8), 291-296.

17.

Shapiro, K. L., & Luck, S. J. (1999). The attentional blink: A front-end mechanism for fleeting memories. In V. Coltheart (Ed.), Fleeting Memories: Cognition of Brief Visual Stimuli (pp.95-118). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

18.

Shapiro, K. L., Raymond, J. E., & Arnell, K. M. (1994). Attention to visual pattern information produces the attentional blink in rapid serial visual presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20(2), 357-371.

19.

Ward, R., Duncan, J., & Shapiro, K. (1996). The Slow Time-Course of Visual Attention. Cognitive Psychology, 30(1), 79-109.

20.

Ward, R., Duncan, J., & Shapiro, K. (1997). Effects of similarity, difficulty, and nontarget presentation on the time course of visual attention. Perception & Psychophysics, 59(4), 593-600.

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물