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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

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주의력결핍 및 과다행동장애(ADHD)에서 나타나는 주의기능 장애

Attentional Functions and Dysfunctions in ADHD

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2014, v.26 no.2, pp.67-94
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2014.26.2.002
김소연 (캘리포니아 주립대학교(데이비스))
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Abstract

Attention is considered to be one of the key elements in human cognition. As its name implies, attentional functions are known to be impaired in individuals with Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). However, various studies have investigated different types of attentional deficits among patients with ADHD. The purpose of this review is to take a comprehensive look at evidence on different types of attentional dysfunctions in ADHD. Three different domains of attention are of interest in this review: response inhibition, attentional control, and attentional orienting systems. A number of studies demonstrate that response inhibition and attentional control are major attentional deficits in ADHD. Disengagement and attentional reorienting systems also seem to be impaired. In this review, behavior, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological findings are discussed to understand fundamental attentional deficits in ADHD. Future direction for studies aiming to elucidate and treat attentional deficits in ADHD is also discussed.

keywords
주의력결핍 및 과다행동장애, 반응 억제, 주의 조절, 정향주의 시스템, ADHD, Response Inhibition, Attentional Control, Orienting and Disengagement

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