바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

ACOMS+ 및 학술지 리포지터리 설명회

  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

logo

2차원 및 3차원 지도 학습이 길찾기 수행에 미치는 영향

The Effects of Learning Two or Three Dimensional Maps on Wayfinding Performance

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2020, v.32 no.1, pp.21-27
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2020.32.1.002
이경면 (경북대학교)
최준호 (부경대학교)
김초복 (경북대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

재난 상황에서 신속하고 안전한 대피를 위해서는 사전에 피난 경로에 대한 인지도를 형성하는 것이 매우 중요하다. 현재 피난 경로는『다중이용업소법』에 따라 2차원 또는 3차원 지도로 안내되고 있지만, 피난 상황에서 서로 다른 지도 유형에 대한 학습을 통해 형성된 인지도의 효과와 더불어 이러한 효과가 성별에 따라 어떤 차이가 있는지에 대해서는 아직 알려진 바 없다. 이를 확인하기 위해, 이 연구는 실물 크기의 미로를 제작하고 학습할 지도 유형과 남녀 성비 비율에 따라 세 집단으로 구분하고 집단 간 길찾기 수행을 비교하였다. 연구결과, 2차원 또는 3차원 지도를 통해 미로 경로를 제시했을 때, 지도를 제시하지 않은 통제 집단보다 길찾기 성공률이 높았다. 특히, 통제 및 2차원 지도 집단에서는 남녀 간 차이가 나타나지 않지만, 3차원 지도를 학습한 집단에서 여성이 남성보다 길찾기 시간에서 더 느린 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 피난 상황에서 신속하고 안전한 대피를 위해서는 2차원 지도로 피난 경로를 제공하는 것이 효과적임을 시사한다.

keywords
evacuation behavior, wayfinding, cognitive map, sex differences, 피난행동, 길찾기, 지도유형, 인지도, 성차

Abstract

It is crucial to develop cognitive maps of emergency evacuation routes for rapid and safe evacuation in advance of disasters. Evacuation routes are often presented by two- or three-dimensional maps. However, it is unclear how cognitive maps of emergency evacuation routes developed by the different map types affect wayfinding performance and whether these are different between men and women. In order to address this issue, the current study constructed a maze similar to a real escape situation and divided participants into three groups according to the types of map with consideration of the sex ratio. The results showed that groups with two- and three-dimensional maps showed higher accuracy than the control group. Importantly, women showed longer escape times than men in the group with three-dimensional map, whereas the difference was absent in the other groups. These findings suggest that providing evacuation routes with two-dimensional map would help save many lives in evacuation situations.

keywords
evacuation behavior, wayfinding, cognitive map, sex differences, 피난행동, 길찾기, 지도유형, 인지도, 성차

참고문헌

1.

Bosco, A., Longoni, A. M., & Vecchi, T. (2004). Gender effects in spatial orientation: Cognitive profiles and mental strategies. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 519-532.

2.

Chen, C. H., Chang, W. C., & Chang, W. T. (2009). Gender differences in relation to wayfinding strategies, navigational support design, and wayfinding task difficulty. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29, 220-226.

3.

Coluccia, E., Iosue, G., & Brandimonte, M. A. (2007). The relationship between map drawing and spatial orientation abilities: A study of gender differences. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27, 135-144.

4.

Coluccia, E., & Louse, G. (2004). Gender differences in spatial orientation: A review. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24, 329-340.

5.

Kim, C., Hur, M., Oh, Y., Choi, J. H., & Jeong, J. J. (2016). The effect of the running-man emergency exit sign and its installed location on human directional choice. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30, 1014-1019.

6.

Kim, C., & Lee Y., (2019). The influence of an anxious mood on human directional choice by enhancing focused attention. Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, 31, 181-190.

7.

Kobes, M., Helsloot, I., de Vries, B., & & Post, J. G (2010). Building safety and human behaviour in fire: A literature review. Fire Safety Journal, 45(1), 1-11.

8.

Lawton, C. A. (1994). Gender differences in way-finding strategies: Relationship to spatial ability and spatial anxiety. Sex Roles, 30, 765-779.

9.

Lawton, C. A. (2001). Gender and regional differences in spatial referents used in direction giving. Sex Roles, 44, 321-337.

10.

Lei, T. C., Wu, S. C., Chao, C. W., & Lee, S. H. (2016). Evaluating differences in spatial visual attention in wayfinding strategy when using 2D and 3D electronic maps. GeoJournal, 81, 153-167.

11.

Leplow, B., Höll, D., Zeng, L., & Mehdorn, M. (2000). Investigation of age and sex effects in spatial cognitions as assessed in a locomotor maze and in a 2-D computer maze. In C. Freksa, C. Habel, W. Brauer, & K. F. Wender (Eds.), Spatial cognition II: Integrating abstract theories, empirical studies, formal methods, and practical applications (pp. 399-418). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

12.

Liao, H., Dong, W., Peng, C., & Liu, H. (2017). Exploring differences of visual attention in pedestrian navigation when using 2D maps and 3D geo-browsers. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 44, 474-490.

13.

Lin, P. C., & Chen, S. I. (2013). The effects of gender differences on the usability of automotive on-board navigation systems - A comparison of 2D and 3D display. Transportation Research Part F-Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 19, 40-51.

14.

Moffat, S. D., Hampson, E., & Hatzipantelis, M. (1998). Navigation in a “virtual” maze: Sex differences and correlation with psychometric measures of spatial ability in Humans. Evolution and Human Behavior, 19, 73-87

15.

Oulasvirta, A., Estlander, S., & Nurminen, A. (2009). Embodied interaction with a 3D versus 2D mobile map. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 13, 303-320.

16.

Saucier, D. M., Green, S. M., Leason, J., MacFadden, A., Bell, S., & Elias, L. J. (2002). Are sex differences in navigation caused by sexually dimorphic strategies or by differences in the ability to use the strategies? Behavioral Neuroscience, 116, 403-410.

17.

Spiers, M. V., Sakamoto, M., Elliott, R. J., & Baumann, S. (2008). Sex differences in spatial object-location memory in a virtual grocery store. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 471-473.

18.

Tolea, M. I., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Griswold, M., Simonsick, E. M., Najjar, S. S., . . . Ferrucci, L. (2010). Sex-specific correlates of walking Speed in a wide age-ranged population. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 65B, 174-184.

19.

Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55, 189-208.

20.

Vilar, E., Rebelo, F., & Noriega, P. (2014). Indoor human wayfinding performance using vertical and horizontal signage in virtual reality. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 24, 601-615.

21.

Wagner, M. (2006). The geometries of visual space. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물