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한국어 단어재인에서 습득연령효과의 탐색

The Age of Acquisition effects in Korean word recognition

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2011, v.23 no.4, pp.465-485
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2011.23.4.001
이혜원 (이화여자대학교)
최정선 (이화여자대학교)
김연정 (이화여자대학교)
김선경 (이화여자대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구에서는 습득연령효과가 한국어 단어재인에서 나타나는지 그림명명과제, 단어명명과제, 어휘판단과제를 사용하여 검토하였다. 실험 1에서 Snodgrass와 Vanderwart(1980)의 그림자극을 기초로 그림명명과제와 단어명명과제를 실시한 결과, 습득연령효과는 그림명명시간에서만 나타나고 단어명명시간에서는 나타나지 않았다. 실험 2에서 보다 광범위한 한글단어를 대상으로 습득연령과 단어빈도를 조작하여 단어명명과제를 실시한 결과, 단어명명시간에서 단어빈도효과는 나타났으나 실험 1의 결과와 마찬가지로 습득연령효과는 나타나지 않았다. 실험 3에서 실험 2와 동일한 자극과 변인에 대해 어휘판단과제를 실시한 결과, 어휘판단시간에서는 습득연령효과와 빈도효과가 모두 관찰되었으며 습득연령에 의한 차이는 각 빈도조건에서 유사하였다. 본 연구결과는 임의적 대응가설로 설명할 수 있다.

keywords
습득연령, 한글단어재인, 그림명명, 단어명명, 어휘판단, 빈도, 한국어, age of acquisition, Korean word recognition, picture naming, word naming, lexical decision, word frequency, Hangul

Abstract

We examined the age of acquisition(AoA) effect in Korean word recognition using picture naming, word naming, and lexical decision tasks. In Experiment 1, we presented picture naming and word naming tasks composed of stimuli from Snodgrass and Vanderwart(1980). The results showed that there were AoA effects in the picture naming latency, but not in the word naming latency. In Experiment 2, we manipulated the age of acquisition and word frequency for expansive Korean words in the word naming task. We found the frequency effects but not the AoA effects in the word naming latency. In Experiment 3, we examined the effects of AoA and word frequency in the lexical decision task for the same stimuli from Experiment 2. Both AoA and word frequency effects were found in the lexical decision latency, and the size of the AoA effects was similar between the two frequency(high, low) conditions. Our results can be explained in terms of the arbitrary mapping hypothesis.

keywords
습득연령, 한글단어재인, 그림명명, 단어명명, 어휘판단, 빈도, 한국어, age of acquisition, Korean word recognition, picture naming, word naming, lexical decision, word frequency, Hangul

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한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물