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DRM 패러다임에서 정서가와 인지적 노력이 오기억에 미치는 영향

The Influence of Emotional valence and Cognitive Effort on False Memory in DRM paradigm

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2011, v.23 no.4, pp.605-621
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2011.23.4.008
박영신 (가톨릭대학교)
김채연 (고려대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구는 DRM 패러다임에서 목록의 정서가와 인지적노력 수준이 실제기억과 오기억에 미치는 효과를 탐색하기 위해 수행되었다. 참가자들은 DRM 과제를 통해 정서 목록과 중성 목록으로 구성된 의미적 연합 목록을 제시받고, 나중에 재인과제를 수행하였다. 실험 1에서는 처리수준을 통해 인지적 노력 정도를 조작하였다. 참가자들은 목록에 대해 호오도 평정을 하거나 채색된 색깔에 대해 판단해야 했다. 실험 2에서는 산출처리를 통해 인지적 노력 정도를 조작하였다. 참가자들은 목록에 대해 자음과 모음을 스스로 결합하여 단어를 완성하여 소리내서 읽거나, 거꾸로 뒤집혀 제시되는 단어를 소리내서 읽어야 했다. 실험 결과, 두 실험 모두에서 상대적으로 인지적 노력이 강한 조건인 경우 정서 오기억 감소 효과가 나타났다. DRM 패러다임 내에서 정서 오기억 감소 효과는 더 큰 인지적 노력 조건에서 관찰되었으며, 정서는 오기억을 감소시킬 것이라는 가능성이 다시 한 번 확인되었다.

keywords
DRM paradigm, emotional valence, false memory, level of processing, generative processing, DRM 패러다임, 오기억, 정서가, 처리수준 이론, 산출 처리과정

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate how emotional valence and the extend of cognitive effort as a semantic processing had influence on true and false memories in DRM paradigm. for two experiments. Both emotional lists and neutral lists were presented and standard recognition test was administerd by participants. In experiment 1, the level of processing was used to manipulate cognitive efforts. Participants were asked to rate the pleasantness of each words or to judge the color of word items. In experiment 2, the generative processing was manipulated for cognitive efforts. Participants were asked to make a word by combining consonants and vowels, or to read the upside-down mirror image of each words. The results showed that false memory rates with emotional lists were lower than neutral lists in both experiments. Moreover, the reduction of false memory in emotional lists was observed in the more cognitive effort condition. The results of two experiments indicated that emotion had an effect on the decline of false memory and confirmed the possibility that emotion could bring the benefit effect on memory performance.

keywords
DRM paradigm, emotional valence, false memory, level of processing, generative processing, DRM 패러다임, 오기억, 정서가, 처리수준 이론, 산출 처리과정

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