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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

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단어길이효과에서 어종과 합성성의 영향

The Influence of Word Type and Compositionality on the Word Length Effect in Korean

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2019, v.31 no.1, pp.39-52
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2019.31.1.003
배성봉 (영남대학교)
이광오 (영남대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

단어길이가 단어재인에 미치는 영향은 억제효과 또는 무효과가 주로 보고되었으며, 단어의 구성성분을 처리하는 방식이 순차적인지 병행적인지 결정하는 데 사용되어 왔다. 그러나 최근에 보고된 단어길이의 촉진효과는 이러한 병행-순차 처리 해석을 지지하지 않는다. 본 연구는 단어길이의 촉진효과에 어종과 합성성이 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 실험 1은 고유어를 사용하였으며, 1음절 단어, 2음절 단일어, 2음절 합성어를 비교하였다. 1음절 단어의 어휘판단이 2음절 단어에 대한 어휘판단보다 느린 단어길이효과가 나타났으며 합성어보다 단일어에서 길이효과가 더 컸다. 실험 2는 1음절과 2음절 한자어를 비교하였으며 촉진적 단어길이효과가 유의하게 나타났다. 실험 1과 2의 결과는 병행-순차 처리 가설에 의해서도 이상적 단어길이 가설에 의해서도 설명이 어려우며, 따라서 대안적 설명들을 검토하였다.

keywords
word recognition, word length effect, compound word, Hanja word, native word, 단어재인, 단어길이효과, 합성어, 한자어, 고유어

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to examine the facilitatory effect of word length (the number of syllables in a word), a new phenomenon showing that bisyllabic words are recognized faster than monosyllabic words. In Experiment 1, three types of native Korean words were compared: monosyllabic words, bisyllabic simplex words, and bisyllabic compounds. The results showed that lexical decision was faster for bisyllabic words than monosyllabic words, confirming the facilitatory effect of word length in Korean. The word length effect was bigger for high frequency words than low frequency words. In Experiment 2 using Hanja words, the facilitatory word length effect was replicated, and the interaction of word length and frequency was found to be significant. The results of Experiment 1 and 2 were not consistent with the serial-parallel processing explanation and the ideal length hypothesis. An alternative explanation was attempted based on the properties of native Korean and Hanja words.

keywords
word recognition, word length effect, compound word, Hanja word, native word, 단어재인, 단어길이효과, 합성어, 한자어, 고유어

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