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ACOMS+ 및 학술지 리포지터리 설명회

  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

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학습 수행 및 메타인지적 판단이 학습자의 교차학습 선택에 미치는 영향

Why They Chose What They Chose: Exploring Effects of Test Performance and Metacognitive Judgments on Learners’ Selection of Interleaving Schedule

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2020, v.32 no.2, pp.169-188
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2020.32.2.004
란안도 (연세대학교)
이희승 (연세대학교)
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Abstract

Effective learning demands awareness and spontaneous execution of an optimal study schedule. While prior research suggests the opposite, learners tend to believe that learning from a blocked schedule (grouping exemplars by category) is more effective than learning from an interleaved schedule (intermixing exemplars). We investigated how the initial learning experience affected learners’ selection of a subsequent study schedule using a painting-style learning task. Participants studied the first section in an interleaved schedule and were given a different interim activity on that section (test vs. restudy). They were then asked to select their own study schedule for the second section between interleaved and blocked schedules. After that, participants took a final transfer test and again selected a subsequent study schedule. Participants were also asked to make judgments of learning (JOL) several times (after study and after test) throughout the experiment. The results revealed that the interleaving-selectors showed better learning on the subsequent section, demonstrating a robust interleaving effect. More interestingly, the first selection of interleaving schedule was predicted by learners’ better interim-test performance. Furthermore, participants who experienced improvement via testing or via JOL throughout the experiment were more likely to stay on the same study schedule. These findings suggest that providing learners with a successful learning experience may be one way of encouraging them to choose and continue a more effective interleaving study method.

keywords
effective study strategies, interleaving effect, study schedule selection, testing, 효과적인 학습법, 교차효과, 학습법 선택, 시험

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