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ACOMS+ 및 학술지 리포지터리 설명회

  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

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지각된 인과성이 애매한 가현운동 지각에 미치는 영향

Perceiving causal relations between moving objects: Postdictive causal attribution can bias apparent motion correspondence

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2018, v.30 no.2, pp.141-156
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2018.30.2.004
김성호 (이화여자대학교)
정예은 (이화여자대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

Abstract

Comprehension of physical events in terms of cause and effect is fundamental for making sense of and dealing successfully with changes in the dynamic physical world. Previous research has demonstrated that the causal structure of the world can, in some cases, be directly perceived: When two billiard balls collide, observers perceive that the action of one ball caused the other's motion, merging two motion events into a unitary percept. The current study explored whether such casual interpretations can contribute to resolving low-level ambiguities in motion perception. We used a bistable apparent motion display, a motion quartet, which can lead to the perception of either horizontal or vertical motion, and tested the effects of “context objects” which moved in such a way that motion targets appeared to collide with them in either horizontal or vertical dimension. Our results show that contextual motion implying a Michotte-style launch can strongly bias observed motion correspondence, consistent with physical regularities of mechanical causality in a postdictive way. It suggests that the perception of causality is an earlier and more pervasive phenomenon than previously understood, and in fact can influence the perception of motion itself.

keywords
causal perception, apparent motion, motion correspondence, postdiction, 인과적 지각, 가현운동, 움직임 대응문제, 사후추정

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한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물