본 연구에서는 우리나라 사람들의 모임활동의 기초 실태를 전국조사를 통해 검토하였다. 20세 이상의 남녀 1000명을 대상으로 친목모임ㆍ취미모임ㆍ사회봉사모임 및 종교모임에의 참여정도와 만족도ㆍ성원친밀도를 알아보았다. 또한 이러한 모임활동과 주관적 안녕감 간의 관계를 검토하였다. 우리나라 사람들의 82.8%가 친목모임ㆍ취미모임ㆍ사회봉사모임 및 종교모임 등에 참여하고 있다. 이중 가장 많이 참여하고 있는 모임활동은 친목모임으로 전체의 75.6%의 사람들이 하나 이상의 친목모임에 가입하고 있었는데 이중 특히 동창회에의 참여가 높다. 그 다음으로 가입수가 많은 것은 종교모임이고 다음이 취미모임으로 사회봉사모임에의 가입이 제일 낮아 6.7%만이 가입하고 있었다. 일반적으로 모임에의 만족도와 성원간 친밀도도 대체로 높은 편으로 평균하여 '만족한다'는 정도의 만족도와 '친하다'는 정도의 성원친밀도를 보고하였다. 단지 사회봉지 모임에의 참여도, 만족도 그리고 성원친밀도가 예외적으로 낮다. 이러한 모임활동은 성별, 연령별, 학력 그리고 소득 수준에 의해 영향받았다. 가족관계나 친인척 관계가 만족스러울수록 단체나 모임에 가입을 더 많이 하며 참여만족도도 높았다. 마지막으로, 예상한대로 주관적 안녕감은 모임에의 가입이 많을수록 높았는데, 특히 친목모임과 종교모임에의 만족스럽고 적극적인 참여와 높은 성원친밀도가 삶에 대한 높은 만족도와 관련되었다. 이러한 연구 결과의 이론적, 현실적 의미에 대해 논의하였다.
This study examined the basic features of Koreans' group activities by conducting a nationwide survey. More specifically, it examined the number of groups in which people participate, the participation frequency, satisfaction with the groups and the intimacy among group members that people perceive regarding the social gatherings, groups for cultivating hubbies, social service groups and religious groups. Another purpose of the present survey was to examine the relationship between the quantity and the quality of group activities of people and the subjective well-being. 1,000 people of both sex were sampled and responded to the interviewer. The results showed that 82.8% of the respondents participated in more that one group. The groups in which Koreans participate the most were the social gatherings or the friendly societies, of which 75.6% of the respondents reported that they were the members. Among these social gatherings or friendly societies, the most common was the alumni association. The second most common social groups in which people participate were the religious group, the next were the groups for hubbies and the least popular one was the social sevice group. Only 6.7% of the respondents were the members of the social service groups. In general, people were satisfied with their group and reported that members of their groups were intimate. However, the participation rate, satisfaction with groups and the intimacy among group members in the social service groups were reported as the lowest. These group activities were affected by gender, age, education and the income level. It was also found that as people were more satisfied with their family and relatives, they not only participated in more groups but they also felt greater satisfaction with their groups and group activities. Finally and as expected, in general there was a positive relationship between the number of the groups in which people participated and the subjective well-being. Moreover, the satisfactory groups activities and the intimacy among group members in social gatherings and the religious groups were positively correlated with the subjective well-being. The theoretical and the practical implications of these findings were discussed.