This research measured a concept of mobility which is included objective travel behavior as well as psychological and physical mechanism that influenced travel behavior. And then, this research examined the relation between mobility and the quality of life in elderly drivers. In research 1, to evaluate the reliability and validity of “Mobility Questionnaire(MQ)”, we tested “MQ” to 207 drivers aged 20 years and older. In research 2, we examined the mobility level of elderly drivers. Also we investigated the influence that mobility of elderly drivers impacts on their quaility of life. we used “MQ”, “Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire(PWBQ)” to 91 drivers aged 65 years and older. To factor analysis, MQ consisted of ‘Safe Driving Ability(ADA)’, ‘Travel Increase(TI)’, ‘Travel Decrease(TD)’, ‘Social Activity(SA)’, and ‘Driving Situational Adaptability(DSA)’. The amount and speed of driving of elderly drivers reduced driving behavior than other drivers. Also, elderly drivers negatively assessed their physical abilities for safe driving and felt a low confidence in specific driving situation. On the other hand, elderly drivers take parts in social activity constructively. A review of the relation of mobility and quality of life showed that mobility of elderly drivers had positive correlation with PWB. Specially, ‘ADA’, ‘SA’, and ‘DSA’ had significant correlations with PWB of elderly drivers. The mobility of elderly drivers had an effect on ‘Autonomy’, ‘Environmental mastery’, ‘Self-acceptance’, and ‘Positive relations with others’.
The present research examine the impacts of correctional counselling for prisoners on their adaptation and behaviors in the correctional facilities. Three kinds of counselling - characteristic, religious, and individual - were given to prisoners and the prisoner's behavioral changes were measured. Specifically, the participating prisoners' behavioral evaluations and punishment records were assessed before, right after, and two months after the counseling sessions. In addition, a control group in which the prisoner were not given any session of counselling was included for comparison. The main results found that the prisoners in the characteristic counselling showed significantly higher increasement of positive behaviors than those in the control group. Of more importance, the improvement were maintained two months after the ends of the counselling sessions. With its external validity, the practical implications and limitations of the present findings were discussed together.
The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of psycho-social factors (social relationship and personal) as well as illness history and economic status on physical health and subjective well-being among the retired Koreans elderly. Data were collected from 1,315 elders (mean age = 72.70yrs) residing in Seoul and Chuncheon regional area via interviews(Time 1), and them were re-interviewed two year later(Time 2). Multiple regression analyses indicated that the retired elders’ illness history, economic status, marital satisfaction, fulfillment of self-esteem need, drinking behavior, positive affectivity, negative affectivity and physical health to predict their subjective well-being at Time 1(R2=.705). The retired elders’ economic status, marital satisfaction, positive affectivity, negative affectivity and physical health to predict their subjective well-being at Time 2(R2=.418). The retired elders’ illness history, economic status, expectations for one’s offspring, drinking behavior and subjective well-being to predict their physical health at Time 1(R2=.364). And the retired elders’ illness history, economic status, marital satisfaction, positive affectivity and negative affectivity to predict their physical health at Time 2(R2=.265). In case of retired elderly, suggested for the psycho-social determenants of subjective well-being and physical health by occupational classification. The implications of this study and the suggestions for furture study were discussed.
This study was intended to recognize whether speed desire frustration influences in driving stress. Stress desire frustration is the difference between prefer speed and normal speed. As a result, driver's the prefer speed is higher than the normal speed on 4 road condition(high-way, urban-way, residential-way, rural-way). Also, driver's speed desire frustration caused statistical effect in driving stress on 4 road condition. speed desire frustration effect Driving Stress Scale(DSS) 5 sub-scale factors(progress obstacle, traffic circumstance, accident & regulation, regulation obedience, time pressure). This is that driver who experience much speed desire frustration creates high driving stress. Speed desire frustration analyzed high driver and low driver's Driving Stress Scale(DSS) score and overspeed regulation and traffic accident experience difference. As analysis result, speed desire frustration high driver driving stress high appear. However, difference of overspeed regulation experience or traffic accident experience by speed desire frustration did not appear.