In this study, we focused on the socio-structural factors that cause ageism, investigating whether the influence of the resource scarcity on ageism in the younger generation depends on socioeconomic status. To test this hypothesis, we conducted an online study of 219 adults in their 20s and 30s. Specifically, participants were randomly assigned to either the resource scarcity priming condition or the control condition, and completed a writing task. After this, participants responded to ageism and socioeconomic status items. As a result, the effect of resource scarcity on ageism was not significant. However, we found that socioeconomic status moderated the impact of resource scarcity on ageism. In other words, resource scarcity priming has been shown to significantly reduce ageism for individuals who have relatively lower socioeconomic status. This finding is in line with previous studies in which people of low socioeconomic status were found to be more sympathetic to socially disadvantaged individuals suffering deleterious situations such as resource scarcity. This work is significant in that we have looked at both the situational and personal factors influencing ageism, and in that we have attempted to examine the causal influence of resource scarcity on ageism through an experimental approach. However, since the alternative explanation of the findings has not been completely excluded, replication through further studies will be necessary.
The purpose of this study was to classify university students in emerging adulthood according to grit(effort vs. interest) and passion mindset(fix vs. growth), and to identify if there are differences in psychological characteristics such as depression, anxiety and life satisfaction and career adaptability between the profiles. To this end, we used Latent Profile Analysis(LPA) for university students age 18 between 25. As the result of analysis, we determined 4 distinct profiles are most appropriate classification. The profile1(LP1, 22.2%) had high levels of grit and passion growth mindset. The profile2(LP2, 63.8%) showed average levels in both grit and passion mindset. The profile3(LP3, 8.8%) had a low level of grit and a high level of passion fixed mindset. At last, the profile4(LP4, 5.1%) showed a low level of grit and a high level of passion growth mindset. As the result of examining differences in psychological characteristics and career adaptability, the profile1 was most adaptive contrasting to the profile 3. Those findings suggest grit has more effect on psychological characteristics and passion growth mindset in career adaptability. Therefore, it is suggested the passion growth mindset and grit need to be considered together as an intervention to enhance the individual’s comprehensive psychological well-being and to increase the level of adaptation for career adaptation.
How an individual construes one's future influences everyday decisions, such as savings and impulsive purchasing. Drawing on the idea of future self-continuity, which explains perceived connectedness between the current and future self, this study demonstrated whether media images with various age ranges influence a sense of connectedness with one's future self as well as impatience. Furthermore, the study measured whether these relationships are moderated by the positivity of older adults and an individual's dispositional optimism in general. Results showed that watching various images of people with a wide range of age (from the 20s to 90s) in social media increases young adults' (the 20s) self-continuity and decreases their intention of impatient consumption. This effect is also moderated by the degree to which the participants perceive aging positively, prompted by media exposure. The study suggests that displaying people with broad age ranges in media actually changes young adults' future self-continuity, leading them to show more patience in an intertemporal setting.