The purpose of this study is to find how the factors of “Grief of loss” affect on the subjective well-being of elderly(‘the satisfaction with life’, ‘the positive affect’, ‘the negative affect). One hundred of subjects, over age 65, participated in the survey and we could find that the “Grief of loss” was composed of four sub-factors(‘economical loss’, ‘loss from being parted by death’, ‘loss of physical functions’, ‘loss of relations’). These four sub-factors of “Grief of loss” showed negative correlations with the scores of the satisfaction with life. However, three other sub-factors except ‘loss from being parted by death’ showed negative correlations with the scores of ‘the positive affect’. On the other hand, other three sub-factors except ‘economical loss’ showed positive correlations with the scores of ‘the negative affect’. Especially, the ‘economical loss’ was affecting on ‘the negative affect’ and ‘the positive affect’ significantly. Also, 'loss of relations' was affecting on both ‘the negative affect’ and ‘the satisfaction with life’'. Two out of the four sub-factors, ‘economical loss’ and ‘loss from being parted by death’, showed no significant effects on the subjective well-being. This results insists us that the emotional supports, especially from their offspring, are truly important for elderly to overcome their Grief of loss('loss of physical functions', ‘loss of relations’)
The word “Loss” means being deprived a person's meaningful property, people or idea by irresistible force, and it is not avoidable in one's life. Especially, the elderly have higher possibility to experience this “Loss” than any other age groups on account of their characteristics. Feeling grief of loss after going through any kind of loss is natural and normal. However, if someone has severe trouble with overcoming this grief, it would affect negatively to his/her psychological or social inelastic. Therefore, we tried to find out which factors consists the “Grief of loss” and how it affects on the elderly's quality of life, especially on the sense of ego-integrity through this study. 97 of the elderly over age 65 participated in the survey and the results as follow; grief of loss is classified into four factors, ‘economical loss’, ‘loss from being parted by death’, ‘loss of physical functions’ and ‘loss of relations’. These four factors of “Grief of loss” showed negative correlations with the scores of the sense of ego-integrity factors except ‘acceptance of death’. Especially, the ‘economical loss’ affects on every factor of the sense of ego-integrity negatively except ‘acceptance of death’ and ‘acceptance of aging’. Moreover, ‘loss of physical functions’ and ‘loss of relations’ affect negatively on elderly's satisfaction to their lives. On the other hand, the ‘loss from being parted by death’ of “Grief of loss” and ‘acceptance of death’ of the sense of ego-integrity showed no statistically significant effect in every process of analysis.
This study was performed to develop a group counseling program for the South Koreans and the North Korean defectors to identify mutual cultural characteristics and personal traits, and to acquire adaptation capacity for the other's culture and interpersonal relationship. And then we validated the effect of this group program. This program was based on the existing program even if that was not validated through research work. Actually this program was for encouraging the South Koreans and the North Korean defectors to acquire interpersonal ability through mutually dependent and cooperative work based on the equal status naturally and to adjust themselves to corresponding culture. Each session continued for 1.5 hour per week. And the sessions were done for 4 weeks. This research was analysed, and the results were compared with control group's results. The results showed that treatment group revealed significantly positive outcomes than control group. But, five participants among the North Korean defectors were dropped out in the course. So North Korean defectors' credibility got lowered.
This study investigated the relationship between emotional contagion and altruistic behaviors and also examined the moderating effect of self-construals(independent and interdependent self) in this relationship. It was hypothesized that the emotional expression of people in need would be caught by others through automatic mimicry, that emotional information would be internalized through the facial-feedback process and that the transferred emotion would eventually result in a motive to call for altruistic behaviors. In Study 1, participants watched a video clip about a disabled student reporting difficulties in school life but showing facial expression opposite to the contents of message to separate emotional contagion and empathy. Participants' decision to participate in voluntary works for the disabled student was measured. As a result, it was found that the more participants experienced emotional contagion, the more they participated in altruistic behaviors. Study 2 measured the vulnerability to emotional contagion, actual experiences of altruistic behaviors, and self-construals. The results of hierarchical regression showed that interdependent self moderated the influence of emotional contagion on altruistic behaviors whereas independent self moderated the relationship in an opposite direction. The implications of emotion and altruistic behaviors in human evolution process are discussed.
The purpose of this study was to investigate characteristics of victims, especially aggressive victims of dating violence, and examine how they constructed the dating relationship and their commitments in dating relationships. The participants were 526 female college students who had the experience of heterosexual dating relationships, whose ages ranged from 18 to 37 (M=20.10, SD=2.70). The psychological tests used in this research included the following: Straus' Conflict Tactics Scale, Foo and Margolin's Justification of Violence Scale, Korean Version of Gender-Role Scale, and Lee and Han's Relationship Measures. Results revealed that aggressive victims of dating violence were more likely to receive mild violence as well as severe violence from their dating partners than victims only, while women who were victim only experienced sexual harassments more than aggressive victims from their dating partners. Aggressive victims of dating violence had experienced fathers' domestic violence more than women who had not experienced dating violence. Victims of dating violence showed less negative attitude toward dating violence than women who had not experienced dating violence. Victims of dating violence showed stronger commitments in their dating relationships than women who had not experienced dating violence. The results of this study may provide valuable information for professionals who help victims of dating violence.
The goal of this study was to find out how prepared Korean high school teachers are to identify suicidal students and connect them to appropriate resources. This study surveyed 390 high school teachers in terms of their level of knowledge on youth suicide and their misconception on suicide. In addition, this study examined what kind of actions they usually take once they identify suicidal students. Results indicated that high school teachers in Korea did not have sufficient knowledge to identify suicidal students and they did not think they are capable of identifying those students. Although their misconception on youth suicide was not as pervasive as expected, some of the misconception were still problematic in relation to suicide intervention. Furthermore, their intervention strategies for suicidal students were quite limited, focusing on isolated individual efforts. It is critical to develop and implement teacher training programs for youth suicide prevention which address suicide risk factors, warning signs, crisis response, and referral procedures.